ISSN 0303-5212

RMJ is a general Medicine publication and accepts oorigial articles, editorials, case reports and commentaries. It aims to dessiminate medical knowldge to professional community.

 Aim and objectives of Rawal medical journal



To promote the science and art of medicine and the betterment of the public health.



1.         To publish original, important, well-documented, peer-reviewed clinical and laboratory articles on a diverse range of medical topics

2.         To provide physicians with continuing education in basic and clinical science to support informed clinical decisions.

3.         To enable physicians to remain informed in multiple areas of medicine, including developments infields other than their own.

4.         To improve public health internationally by elevating the quality of medical care, disease prevention, and research provided by an informed readership.

5.         To foster responsible and balanced debate on controversial issues that affect medicine and health care.

6.         To forecast important issues and trends in medicine and health care.

7.         To inform readers about non-clinical aspects of medicine and public health, including the political, philosophic, ethical, legal, environmental, economic, historical and cultural.

8.         To recognize that, in addition to these specific objectives, THE JOURNAL has a social responsibility to improve the total human condition and to promote the integrity of science.

9.         To report American Medical Association policy, as appropriate, while maintaining editorial independence, objectivity and responsibility.

10.       To achieve the highest level of ethical medical journalism and to produce a publication that is timely, credible, and enjoyable to read.


2024, Vol: 49, Issue: 1

RMJ. Year: 2024, Volume: 49

  1. Evolution of medical education in Pakistan; Current trends and future perspectives
    Zarmina Saga, Saima Irshad, Mahrukh, Zain Gulzar
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 1-2
    » Abstract » PDF

  2. Original Research
  3. Association of previous radiation exposure in patients with known malignancy
    Muhammad Akhtar Awan, Shumaila Memon, Lubna Shamshad Jumani, Hussain Rashid, Sidra Wajahat, Maria Anum
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 3-6
    » Abstract » PDF

  4. Original Research
  5. Association of serum uric acid with Diabetes mellitus type-2: A cross-sectional study in Karachi, Pakistan
    Fatima Zehra, Nighat Rukhsana, Muhammad Sajid Abbas Jafri, Shazia Shakoor
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 7-11
    » Abstract » PDF

  6. Original Research
  7. Serum vitamin D associates inversely with LDL cholesterol levels in Nigella sativa supplemented women
    Dina M. Qahwaji
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 12-15
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230918011503

  8. Original Research
  9. Comparison of breathing exercises and muscle energy techniques to improve functional outcomes of patients with fibromyalgia
    Saira Zahid, Suman Sheraz, Somiya Asif, Ahsnat Iqbal, Kiran Haq, Aisha Razzaq
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 16-19
    » Abstract » PDF

  10. Original Research
  11. Effect of exercise training on Type 2 diabetes management and lipid profile
    Nahid Khalil Elfaki
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 20-23
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231119011058

  12. Original Research
  13. To assess renal biomarkers in diabetic and non-diabetic patients attending the secondary-level hospital of district Attock
    Aimal Khan, Syed Zakir Shah, Amna Ihsan, Jahangir Zaib, Nasim Ilyas, Ahmed Albalooshi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 24-26
    » Abstract » PDF

  14. Original Research
  15. Retrospective analysis of spectrum of renal diseases in children: A tertiary care experience in South Punjab, Pakistan
    Bushra Iqbal, Madiha Naz, Maria Saleem, Amna Wajdan, Rabia Saleem Safdar, Shazia Parveen
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 27-30
    » Abstract » PDF

  16. Original Research
  17. Evaluation of Roles of Nurses' Regarding Tracheostomy Care: From Intensive Care Unit Knowledge and Practice, A randomized cross-sectional study
    Elturabi Elsayed Ebrahim
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 31-35
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230706101054

  18. Original Research
  19. Frequency of breastfeeding and formula feeding in patients with reactive airway diseases at a tertiary care hospital of Multan, Pakistan
    Madiha Naz, Saba Urooj, Tajwar Khan, Hafsa Farooq, Nabila Wakeel, Sobia Rubab
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 36-39
    » Abstract » PDF

  20. Original Research
  21. Impact of covid-19 pandemic on mental health of doctors in peripheral teaching hospital
    Salman Farooq Dar, Wafa Nadeem, Saleem Raza Shah, Sajid Aziz, Chaudhry Abid Nazir, Muhammad Ateeq
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 40-42
    » Abstract » PDF

  22. Original Research
  23. Investigation of the frequency of clinical risk factors of covid-19 in hospitalized patients in Valiasr hospital, Qaemshahr, Iran
    Melody Omraninava, Fatemeh Akbari Neserkani, Kayvan Mohammadzadeh, Hosseinali Alishah, Mahmud Valiandoost, Iraj Mohammadi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 43-46
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231209105333

  24. Original Research
  25. Is radiological grading a good predictor of pain in knee osteoarthritis patients?
    Tariq Aziz, Omer Khalid Farooq, Asif Khan, Usman Khalid Farooq, Muhammad Umer Khan, Faisal Nazeer Hussain
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 47-49
    » Abstract » PDF

  26. Original Research
  27. Knowledge, perception and expectation of pharmacogenetics among physicians and pharmacists in a tertiary care hospital
    Fizzah Ali, Tabassum Zehra, Saqib Khalid, Sana Irshad, Syeda Fizza Batool Jaffri
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 50-54
    » Abstract » PDF

  28. Original Research
  29. Level of stress among first line nurses in East Jeddah Hospital, Saudi Arabia during COVID-19 pandemic
    Mohammed Alsharabi, Yahya Albarqi, Mohammed Alshamrani, Fahad ALhabanji, Abdulrahman Abduallah Ali Alqarni, Mishari Abdullah Alharbi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 55-58
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231021041912

  30. Original Research
  31. Predictors of academic achievement in distance learning for Sudanese nursing students
    Amal Mohamed Elhusein
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 59-62
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231218072424

  32. Original Research
  33. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Frequency and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in hospital and community acquired Infections
    Fareeha Adnan, Maria Mushtaq Ali, Nazia Khursheed
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 63-66
    » Abstract » PDF

  34. Original Research
  35. Pacuan Dende: A virtual reality game that educates players about tropical infectious diseases and how they contribute to stunting
    Yunan Jiwintarum, Maruni Wiwin Diarti, Ayu Anulus
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 67-70
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230828023927

  36. Original Research
  37. Personal preference of restorative material for permanent posterior restoration among dentists working in Dental Teaching Institutes of Lahore, Pakistan
    Muhammad Aamir Rafique, Daud Anthoney, Iqra Batool, Aiman Khan, Saira Khalid, Hammad Hassan
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 71-74
    » Abstract » PDF

  38. Original Research
  39. Prevalence of cataract and prescription trends in population of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
    Ahmed Umer Sohaib, Tassawer Meran, Anum Yasmeen, Samie Ullah, Muhammad Tahir, Asma Fareed Khan
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 75-77
    » Abstract » PDF

  40. Original Research
  41. Response to casting of Ponseti Technique in children presenting with idiopathic congenital telipes equino varus
    Sohail Rehman, Sarwar Khan, Qasim Khan, Mian Amjad Ali
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 78-81
    » Abstract » PDF

  42. Original Research
  43. Psychological and social aspects of quality of life of cleft lip and/or palate patients: age group and gender perspective
    Mahnoor Mansoor Ahmed, Nameeka Shahid, Nazia Mumtaz, Ghulam Saqulain
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 82-85
    » Abstract » PDF

  44. Original Research
  45. Self-esteem and its correlates among students of three health related professions: a cross-sectional study from Lahore, Pakistan
    Osama Habib, Muhammad Atif Qureshi, Nauman Ismat Butt, Khalid Mahmood, Munaza Javed, Fahmina Ashfaq
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 86-90
    » Abstract » PDF

  46. Original Research
  47. Sonographic correlation of prostate median lobe enlargement with bladder outlet obstruction
    Maleeha Rida, Asad Ahmad, Zarqa Sharif, Zirwa Afzal, Ayesha Mehboob, Hassan Javed
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 91-94
    » Abstract » PDF

  48. Original Research
  49. Impact of a community-based family planning education program on married women's knowledge of contraception methods
    Elwaleed Idris Sagiron
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 95-98
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231012013323

  50. Original Research
  51. Maternal wellbeing: an association between prenatal obsessive-compulsive disorder and antenatal care
    Tayyeba Kiran, Sameera Shafiq
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 99-102
    » Abstract » PDF

  52. Original Research
  53. Emotional state among medical students diagnosed with PCOS using the DASS 21
    Soma Siddique, Hafsa Atique, Hamna Atique, Asma irfan
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 103-106
    » Abstract » PDF

  54. Original Research
  55. Coexisting Generalized Anxiety Disorder add fuel to the fire of severity of Perimenopausal Vasomotor Symptoms affecting quality of life
    Muhammad Mohsin Rana, Danish Gani, Asifa Alia, Muhammad Wasim Afzal, Um A Aimen, Nadia Zulfiqar
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 107-110
    » Abstract » PDF

  56. Original Research
  57. Effect of marital satisfaction on life satisfaction among infertile patients
    Rabia Sajjad, Khalid Mehmood Bhatti, Jawad Ahmad
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 111-114
    » Abstract » PDF

  58. Original Research
  59. Factors affecting malnutrition among under five year’s children in Punjab: A qualitative study
    Anam Afzal, Nazia Malik, Zahira Batool, Muhammad Shabbir
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 115-118
    » Abstract » PDF

  60. Original Research
  61. Clinical outcomes of neonates delivered with meconium stained amniotic fluid
    Hamayun Anwar, Muhammad Athar Khalily, Maria Shafiq, Zahid Afridi, Mohsin Ali, Sidra Tariq
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 119-122
    » Abstract » PDF

  62. Original Research
  63. Benefits of neonatal hearing screening in Pakistan: An audiologist’s perspective
    Tayyaba Dawood, Nazia Mumtaz, Ghulam Saqulain, Hina Sultan, Amna Asghar, Aqsa Irum
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 123-128
    » Abstract » PDF

  64. Original Research
  65. Relationship between severity of dysarthria and quality of life
    Amina Ishfaq, Nazia Mumtaz, Nameeka Shahid, Ghulam Saqulain
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 129-133
    » Abstract » PDF

  66. Original Research
  67. Analysis of voice handicap among special schoolteachers and mainstream teachers: A comparative study
    Sahar Rafiq, Muhammad Naveed Babur, Ghulam Saqulain, Maria Liaqat
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 134-137
    » Abstract » PDF

  68. Original Research
  69. Evaluation of knowledge, attitude, and barriers towards research among physical therapy and nutrition students
    Ambreen Iqbal, Ahsan Javed, Wajeeha Zia, Narmeen Haseeb, Laiba Syed, Iqra Khanum
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 138-140
    » Abstract » PDF

  70. Original Research
  71. Satisfaction of patients with Family Medicine Clinic and its services at Jinnah Sindh Medical University
    Sadaf Badiuzzaman, Tabinda Ashfaq, Marie Andrades
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 141-145
    » Abstract » PDF

  72. Original Research
  73. Level of satisfaction among patients receiving physiotherapy: a multicentre cross-sectional study from Pakistan
    Muhammad Noorduddin, Saeed Akhter, Aftab Ahmed Mirza Baig, Syed Shahzad Ali
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 146-149
    » Abstract » PDF

  74. Original Research
  75. Evaluation of association of academic motivation strategies for learning with physical activity among medical students using smart phone app
    Gulbakht Fatima, Maha Niazi, Iqra Imtiaz, Fouzia Batool, Fatima Kharal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 150-152
    » Abstract » PDF

  76. Original Research
  77. Assess the awareness of governmental health insurance programs among the general public
    Shiekh Kashif Rahim, Iffat Naiyar, Misbah Ul Hassan Ghani, Nasim Ilyas, Muddasar Pervaiz, Nadia Zohair
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 153-156
    » Abstract » PDF

  78. Original Research
  79. Association of body mass index with physical activity and dietary preferences among senior school students of twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan
    Usman Ahmed, Maham Nasir, Hassan Mubeen, Ateeqa Younis, Ayaman Qazi, Quratulain Khalid
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 157-159
    » Abstract » PDF

  80. Original Research
  81. Attitude and practices of female blood donors toward blood donation at Al-Baha University, Saudi Arabia
    Badria Mahrous Abdelhameed Mohammed, Amira Elnour Eltayeb Elbashir, Sabah H. El-Amrosy, Samar Ahmed Mahmoud, Wessam Fathy Mohamed Gabr, Hanan F Alharbi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 160-166
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231116112637

  82. Original Research
  83. Determinant factors of students’ refusal assertiveness of illicit drugs in Bima indonesia: a logistic regression analysis
    Ahmad Ahmad, Awan Dramawan, Martiningsih Martiningsih, Ade Wulandari
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 167-171
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231002011356

  84. Original Research
  85. Quadrant of difficulty and usefulness for prioritizing community-based disaster preparedness parameter elements
    Sunarto Sunarto, Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho, Suparji Suparji, Budi Joko Santosa
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 172-175
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230918043333

  86. Original Research
  87. Three models of primary dysmenorrhea via estradiol benzoate and oxytocin induction: an experimental study
    Sri Lestariningsih, Didik Gunawan Tamtomo, Sri Sulistyowati, Dono Indarto, Imam Subadi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 176-180
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230803092427

  88. Review Article
  89. Common radiological findings in victims of intimate partner violence: A narrative review
    Waleed Faraj Alkhaldi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 181-184
    » Abstract » PDF

  90. Review Article
  91. Clinical profile of paraphenylenediamine intoxication
    Mujtaba Ali
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 185-189
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231126082530

  92. Review Article
  93. Tumour suppressor genes involved in human breast cancer and its applications. An approach to best predicted markers
    Saba Munir, Yasir Nawaz, Fouzia Tanvir, Asma Umar, Muhammad Luqman, Sadaf Ambreen
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 190-193
    » Abstract » PDF

  94. Review Article
  95. Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing: Implementation, Effectiveness, and Strategies for Improved Patient Outcomes
    Insaf Hassan Mohammed, Amal Mohammed Osman, Maria Rita Elena Crisostomo, Ana Maria Escolano Castillo, Jermilyn Tiglao Adriano, Filipinas Aquino Manahan
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 194-198
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231106054749

  96. Review Article
  97. Impact of lifestyle modification on nonalcoholic fatty liver with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
    Dharma Lindarto, Darmadi Darmadi, Brama Ihsan Sazli
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 199-203
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231005070126

  98. Review Article
  99. Mapping collaboration networks in community health nursing research: A bibliometric analysis
    Mukhlid Alshammari, Soad Mohamed Alnassry, Omar Qaladi, Wahieba Eltegani Mohamedsalih, Daniel Mon Mamanao, Sara Elsadig Mohamed
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 204-208
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230830062226

  100. Review Article
  101. A Systematic Review on inequalities in access to mental healthcare services in low and middle-income countries
    Hasan Albarqi, Ali Jaber Aqeli, Marwan Mohammed Alsaati, Mansour Alsaadawi, Mohammed Sami Basubrain, Lama Rashid Elessawi
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 209-214
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231020114345

  102. Review Article
  103. Self-medication of antibiotics among university students of Pakistan: A systematic review
    Sheikh Abdul Khaliq, Amber Ikram, Irum Afzal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 220-223
    » Abstract » PDF

  104. Review Article
  105. Type 2 diabetes management: A systematic review of cognitive behavioral therapy, dietary patterns and physical activities
    Amal Alsulami
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 215-219
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20231102010945

  106. Other
  107. Front Page
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 221-221
    » Abstract » PDF

  108. Other
  109. Contents
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 222-222
    » Abstract » PDF

  110. Other
  111. Information for authors
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 224-224
    » Abstract » PDF

  112. Other
  113. Complete issue
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2024; 49(1): 1-224
    » Abstract » PDF