Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 673-676


Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan

Farwa Shabbir, Mubashira Kiran, Syeda Aimen Waris, Munazzah Kaleem, Ramish Riaz, Sonia Kiran.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study included 500 students; 250 medical students of Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi and 250 non-medical students of multiple Universities of Islamabad. Data were collected via questionnaire (self-structured) during May to July 2018. MBBS, pharmacy and allied sciences students were considered under medical student’s category. Convenient sampling method was used. The data were analyzed using SPSS 25.
Results: Mean age of the students were 21.31±2.48 years with male to female ratio of 0.3:1. Out of 500 students, 346 (69.2%) used self -medication. Among these, 191 (55.2%) were medical students and 155 (44.79%) were non-medical students. Significant association (Odds ratio=1.9841, p=0.0005) was found for self-medication among medical students and non-medical students. Trend of self-medication was more towards allopathic medicine then alternative medicine. The major reason for using self-medications was previous similar experience, followed by its reason being time saving and for quick relief of their symptoms.
Conclusion: Trend of taking self-medication is more common in medical students compared to non-medical. There is a need to educate the students about adverse effects of self-medication to limit their use. These drugs should not be available over the counter and the health care services should be easily accessible to people.

Key words: Self-medication, medical, non-medical students, allopathic medicine, adverse effects.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Farwa Shabbir
Articles by Mubashira Kiran
Articles by Syeda Aimen Waris
Articles by Munazzah Kaleem
Articles by Ramish Riaz
Articles by Sonia Kiran
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shabbir F, Kiran M, Waris SA, Kaleem M, Riaz R, Kiran S. Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 673-676.


Web Style

Shabbir F, Kiran M, Waris SA, Kaleem M, Riaz R, Kiran S. Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=91708 [Access: September 02, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shabbir F, Kiran M, Waris SA, Kaleem M, Riaz R, Kiran S. Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 673-676.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shabbir F, Kiran M, Waris SA, Kaleem M, Riaz R, Kiran S. Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. RMJ. (2022), [cited September 02, 2022]; 47(3): 673-676.



Harvard Style

Shabbir, F., Kiran, . M., Waris, . S. A., Kaleem, . M., Riaz, . R. & Kiran, . S. (2022) Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. RMJ, 47 (3), 673-676.



Turabian Style

Shabbir, Farwa, Mubashira Kiran, Syeda Aimen Waris, Munazzah Kaleem, Ramish Riaz, and Sonia Kiran. 2022. Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 673-676.



Chicago Style

Shabbir, Farwa, Mubashira Kiran, Syeda Aimen Waris, Munazzah Kaleem, Ramish Riaz, and Sonia Kiran. "Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 673-676.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shabbir, Farwa, Mubashira Kiran, Syeda Aimen Waris, Munazzah Kaleem, Ramish Riaz, and Sonia Kiran. "Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47.3 (2022), 673-676. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shabbir, F., Kiran, . M., Waris, . S. A., Kaleem, . M., Riaz, . R. & Kiran, . S. (2022) Comparison of trends of self-medication among medical and non-medical students in twin cities of Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 673-676.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus, Web of Science and Tehqeeqat

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.