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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 884-886


Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes

Malik Muhammad Atif, Farjad Afzal, Akhtar Rasul, Asif Islam, Aysha Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To find that the association of the low back pain with the use of the high heel shoes.
Methodology: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, survey method was used and self developed questionnaire was distributed among students of Sargodha Medical College by convenient sampling method. Duration of study was six month. The inclusion criteria were the young females who had age between 18 and 24 years and wore high heel shoes for more than previous six months.
Results: Out of 100 students, 42 had bad experiences while wearing heels. Out of these 42, 33 had fatigue and nine had back pain. Pearson association 0.063 showing a weak association and results were not significant.
Conclusion: Low back pain in students wearing high heel shoes is not associated with their high heel shoes.

Key words: High heeled, low back pain, biomechanics, kinesiology, heel pain, calf pain.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Atif MM, Afzal F, Rasul A, Islam A, Khan A. Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 884-886.


Web Style

Atif MM, Afzal F, Rasul A, Islam A, Khan A. Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=80923 [Access: October 14, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Atif MM, Afzal F, Rasul A, Islam A, Khan A. Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 884-886.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Atif MM, Afzal F, Rasul A, Islam A, Khan A. Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. RMJ. (2021), [cited October 14, 2021]; 46(4): 884-886.



Harvard Style

Atif, M. M., Afzal, . F., Rasul, . A., Islam, . A. & Khan, . A. (2021) Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. RMJ, 46 (4), 884-886.



Turabian Style

Atif, Malik Muhammad, Farjad Afzal, Akhtar Rasul, Asif Islam, and Aysha Khan. 2021. Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 884-886.



Chicago Style

Atif, Malik Muhammad, Farjad Afzal, Akhtar Rasul, Asif Islam, and Aysha Khan. "Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 884-886.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Atif, Malik Muhammad, Farjad Afzal, Akhtar Rasul, Asif Islam, and Aysha Khan. "Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes." Rawal Medical Journal 46.4 (2021), 884-886. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Atif, M. M., Afzal, . F., Rasul, . A., Islam, . A. & Khan, . A. (2021) Association of high heeled shoes and low back pain among students who wear high heeled shoes. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 884-886.








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