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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 275-278


Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality

Syed Dil Bahar Shah, Faisal Ahmed, Muhammad Sami Khan, Arshad Ali Shah, Fareheen Ashfaq, Javed Jalbani.

Abstract
Objective: To determine patients’ knowledge, attitude, and practices, who have cardiovascular diseases including heart failure (acute or chronic), coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease, toward influenza vaccination.
Methodology: Based on the semi-structured questionnaire, 384 individuals with age range from 18 to 70 years with heart failure (acute or chronic), coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease were assessed.
Results: Out of 384, 344 patients consented to participate in the survey comprising of 43.6% males and 56.3% females. Those who were aware that Influenza is an illness along with its adverse consequences they or their families might suffer from are only 22 (6.2%), and only 14 (4.1%) are aware of the seriousness of the disease. The number of individuals prescribed vaccine by their physician was 34; with 17 (9.7%) obtaining the vaccine from a hospital, 4 (23.5%) from private clinics and 11 (64.7%) from a family doctor. In the last five years, only 17 (4.9%) people had received the vaccine.
Conclusion: Influenza vaccination rate in patients with cardiovascular diseases is low, which warrant substantial efforts to improve patients’ and physicians’ knowledge, attitude, and practice. This has the potential to reduce morbidity, mortality (both cardiovascular and all-cause), recurrent hospitalization, and health-related cost.

Key words: Influenza Vaccine, cardiovascular disease, heart failure, Pakistan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shah SDB, Ahmed F, Khan MS, Shah AA, Ashfaq F, Jalbani J. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 275-278.


Web Style

Shah SDB, Ahmed F, Khan MS, Shah AA, Ashfaq F, Jalbani J. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=79513 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shah SDB, Ahmed F, Khan MS, Shah AA, Ashfaq F, Jalbani J. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 275-278.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shah SDB, Ahmed F, Khan MS, Shah AA, Ashfaq F, Jalbani J. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 275-278.



Harvard Style

Shah, S. D. B., Ahmed, . F., Khan, . M. S., Shah, . A. A., Ashfaq, . F. & Jalbani, . J. (2022) Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. RMJ, 47 (2), 275-278.



Turabian Style

Shah, Syed Dil Bahar, Faisal Ahmed, Muhammad Sami Khan, Arshad Ali Shah, Fareheen Ashfaq, and Javed Jalbani. 2022. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 275-278.



Chicago Style

Shah, Syed Dil Bahar, Faisal Ahmed, Muhammad Sami Khan, Arshad Ali Shah, Fareheen Ashfaq, and Javed Jalbani. "Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 275-278.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shah, Syed Dil Bahar, Faisal Ahmed, Muhammad Sami Khan, Arshad Ali Shah, Fareheen Ashfaq, and Javed Jalbani. "Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 275-278. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shah, S. D. B., Ahmed, . F., Khan, . M. S., Shah, . A. A., Ashfaq, . F. & Jalbani, . J. (2022) Knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and peripheral arterial disease regarding beneficial effects of influenza vaccination in reducing morbidity and mortality. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 275-278.








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