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Original Research 


Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population

Nazia Mumtaz, Mehtab Khatoon, Ghulam Saqulain.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of symptoms associated with dysfluency among children of internally displaced persons (IDP).
Methodology: This cross-sectional survey was conducted at primary, middle and high schools of North Waziristan Agency from 1st July to 31st December 2017. Sample recruited included Pushto speaking 400 children, of either gender with an age range of 5 to 16 years. They were subjected to speech assessment and symptoms recorded as per “Continuum of Dysfluent Behavior” chart. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20.
Results: Sample population included 78% males and 22% females with a mean age of 11.02 years. A high prevalence of dysfluency (61%) was recorded with frequency of typical dysfluency being 52.25%, and atypical dysfluency being 8.75%. In typical dysfluency, commonest symptom was Interjection (38.57%), followed by hesitation (18.18%) and one syllable word repetitions (11.57%).
Conclusion: Symptoms of typical dysfluency including interjection and hesitation were the commonest among children of IDP’s living in stressful situation.

Key words: Atypical dysfluency, disasters, internally displaced persons (IDPs), interjection, stuttering severity, typical dysfluency.


 
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Pubmed Style

Mumtaz N, Khatoon M, Saqulain G. Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 61-64.


Web Style

Mumtaz N, Khatoon M, Saqulain G. Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=62131 [Access: April 05, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mumtaz N, Khatoon M, Saqulain G. Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 61-64.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mumtaz N, Khatoon M, Saqulain G. Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. RMJ. (2022), [cited April 05, 2022]; 47(1): 61-64.



Harvard Style

Mumtaz, N., Khatoon, . M. & Saqulain, . G. (2022) Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. RMJ, 47 (1), 61-64.



Turabian Style

Mumtaz, Nazia, Mehtab Khatoon, and Ghulam Saqulain. 2022. Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 61-64.



Chicago Style

Mumtaz, Nazia, Mehtab Khatoon, and Ghulam Saqulain. "Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 61-64.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mumtaz, Nazia, Mehtab Khatoon, and Ghulam Saqulain. "Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population." Rawal Medical Journal 47.1 (2022), 61-64. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mumtaz, N., Khatoon, . M. & Saqulain, . G. (2022) Dysfluency among children of internally displaced population. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 61-64.








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