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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 725-728


Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences

Nasreen Akhtar, Iffat Batool.

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the phenomenon of social stigma in terms of gender, age and marital status based differences among patients of tuberculosis (TB).
Methodology: In this ross-sectional survey, 200 patients of TB were included. The study was carried out during 2015-2017. Data were collected from TB centers of Lahore by using Urdu version of Perceived Stigma Scale.
Results: Female patients with TB were more stigmatized than male patients. Young females were more stigmatized than middle aged patients. Unmarried patients experienced higher level of perceived stigma as compared to married patients.
Conclusion: Middle aged male patients experience more perceived stigma than young patients.

Key words: Social stigma, tuberculosis, Young, female, unmarried patients.


 
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Pubmed Style

Akhtar N, Batool I. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 725-728.


Web Style

Akhtar N, Batool I. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=58269 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akhtar N, Batool I. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 725-728.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akhtar N, Batool I. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 725-728.



Harvard Style

Akhtar, N. & Batool, . I. (2021) Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. RMJ, 46 (3), 725-728.



Turabian Style

Akhtar, Nasreen, and Iffat Batool. 2021. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 725-728.



Chicago Style

Akhtar, Nasreen, and Iffat Batool. "Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 725-728.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akhtar, Nasreen, and Iffat Batool. "Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 725-728. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akhtar, N. & Batool, . I. (2021) Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 725-728.








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