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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 323-326


Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps

Noman Ahmed, Arsalan Ahmed Shaikh, Asadullah Jatoi, Farhan Ahmed Shaikh, Mariya Nazish Memon.

Abstract
Objective: To appraise the intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Institute of Ophthalmology and Department of ENT in tertiary care hospital from December 2018 to November 2019. A total of 98 cases presenting with fungal sino-nasal polyps were included in the study, of all ages and gender. Data were collected from clinical assessment files and admission records. All data were analyzed using statistical software SPSS version 20.
Results: Out of 98 patients, 50 (51%) were male and 48 (49%) female with a mean age of 34.610.94 years. Thirty-eight patients were diagnosed as an intraorbital extension and presented with headaches (24%), fevers (20%) during nasal blockage, nasal discharge in 6%, and 11% had facial pain. Duration of symptoms ranged from 3 months to more than 10 years, with most patients lying in less than one year. Regarding co-morbid, 26% were diabetic, 16% were hypertensive, and 37 % were asthmatic.
Conclusion: Fungal nasal polyposis got a significant rate of serious complications relating to orbit like permanent blindness. Therefore, it must be clinically assessed.

Key words: Fungal sino-nasal polyps, intra-orbital involvement, comorbidities.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmed N, Shaikh AA, Jatoi A, Shaikh FA, Memon MN. Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 323-326.


Web Style

Ahmed N, Shaikh AA, Jatoi A, Shaikh FA, Memon MN. Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=43756 [Access: June 12, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed N, Shaikh AA, Jatoi A, Shaikh FA, Memon MN. Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 323-326.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed N, Shaikh AA, Jatoi A, Shaikh FA, Memon MN. Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. RMJ. (2021), [cited June 12, 2021]; 46(2): 323-326.



Harvard Style

Ahmed, N., Shaikh, . A. A., Jatoi, . A., Shaikh, . F. A. & Memon, . M. N. (2021) Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. RMJ, 46 (2), 323-326.



Turabian Style

Ahmed, Noman, Arsalan Ahmed Shaikh, Asadullah Jatoi, Farhan Ahmed Shaikh, and Mariya Nazish Memon. 2021. Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 323-326.



Chicago Style

Ahmed, Noman, Arsalan Ahmed Shaikh, Asadullah Jatoi, Farhan Ahmed Shaikh, and Mariya Nazish Memon. "Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 323-326.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed, Noman, Arsalan Ahmed Shaikh, Asadullah Jatoi, Farhan Ahmed Shaikh, and Mariya Nazish Memon. "Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps." Rawal Medical Journal 46.2 (2021), 323-326. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed, N., Shaikh, . A. A., Jatoi, . A., Shaikh, . F. A. & Memon, . M. N. (2021) Intra-orbital involvement in fungal sino-nasal polyps. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 323-326.








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