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RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 248-249


Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan

Tariq Mehmood Raja.

Abstract
Infectious diseases are the leading cause of significant childhood morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries like Pakistan. About 50% of the deaths among children in Pakistan are due to pneumonia, diarrhea and measles, all vaccine preventable diseases.1 According to WHO, 2 to 3 million deaths occur each year, which can be prevented by immunization and approximately 1.5 million of these deaths occur in children under 5 years of age.2
Immunization is at the top of the list among the health prevention measures that have significantly reduced the childhood mortality and morbidity. Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) was initiated in Pakistan in 1978. It began with vaccinating children against tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles. Hepatitis B vaccine was added to the program in 2002. Program was further augmented by addition of Haemophilus influenza (2009), pneumococcal (2012) and rota virus vaccine (2018).3

Key words: Immunization, Covid-19, Polio


 
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REFERENCES
1. Kui-Hin Liau, Khin-Thanda Aung, Nelson Chua, Choon-Kiat Ho, Chung-Yip Chan, et al. Surgical Infections. April 2010, 11(2): 151-159. [DOI via Crossref]    [DOI via Crossref]   
2. Kirkland KB, et al., The impact of surgical-site infections in the 1990s: Attributable mortality, excess length of hospitalization, and extra costs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. Nov 1999;20(11):722-4. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. Mangram AJ, et al., Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, Atlanta GA. 1999.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 248-249.


Web Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=42893 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 248-249.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 248-249.



Harvard Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja (2022) Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . RMJ, 47 (2), 248-249.



Turabian Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. 2022. Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 248-249.



Chicago Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. "Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan ." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 248-249.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja. "Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan ." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 248-249. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tariq Mehmood Raja (2022) Current trends in Extended Immunization Program in Pakistan . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 248-249.








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