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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 526-529


Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan

Ali Murad Jamal, Ather Iqbal, Bilawal Abbas, Hafiz Abu Safian, Laraib Arsh, Javed Iqbal.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the vitamin D status in patients presenting in RMU allied hospitals.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 228 patients presenting in RMU allied hospitals, Rawalpindi from January to June 2019. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographic details (age, gender, socioeconomic status) and related values including vitamin D levels, related factors including vitamin D supplementation, pregnancy and diseases that impair vitamin D absorption. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 23.
Results: Out of 228 individuals, 76 (33.3%) were male and 152 (66.7%) female. Majority of (about 60.1%) had deficient state of vitamin D levels. In our study, about 14.5 percent of the population had insufficient vitamin D levels.
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was common and was more common in females.

Key words: Vitamin D, rickets, osteomalacia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jamal AM, Iqbal A, Abbas B, Safian HA, Arsh L, Iqbal J. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 526-529.


Web Style

Jamal AM, Iqbal A, Abbas B, Safian HA, Arsh L, Iqbal J. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=3461 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jamal AM, Iqbal A, Abbas B, Safian HA, Arsh L, Iqbal J. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 526-529.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jamal AM, Iqbal A, Abbas B, Safian HA, Arsh L, Iqbal J. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 526-529.



Harvard Style

Jamal, A. M., Iqbal, . A., Abbas, . B., Safian, . H. A., Arsh, . L. & Iqbal, . J. (2021) Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. RMJ, 46 (3), 526-529.



Turabian Style

Jamal, Ali Murad, Ather Iqbal, Bilawal Abbas, Hafiz Abu Safian, Laraib Arsh, and Javed Iqbal. 2021. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 526-529.



Chicago Style

Jamal, Ali Murad, Ather Iqbal, Bilawal Abbas, Hafiz Abu Safian, Laraib Arsh, and Javed Iqbal. "Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 526-529.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jamal, Ali Murad, Ather Iqbal, Bilawal Abbas, Hafiz Abu Safian, Laraib Arsh, and Javed Iqbal. "Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 526-529. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jamal, A. M., Iqbal, . A., Abbas, . B., Safian, . H. A., Arsh, . L. & Iqbal, . J. (2021) Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 526-529.








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