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Original Research 


Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela.

Abstract
Objective: To analyze impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia.
Methodology: In this cross sectional analytical study, 430 patients were included through convenience sampling technique. Frequency and percentage for categorical variables while mean and standard deviation for continuous variables were calculated. SPSS version 24 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The frequency of tobacco misuse was 65.5% and having statistically no significant impact on medication adherence. Frequency of substance misuse other than tobacco was 26.5% and having statistically significant impact on adherence. Gender, marital status, education, current age, age of onset of schizophrenia and age of onset of substance misuse had no statistically significant impact on medication adherence.
Conclusion: Tobacco misuse and demographic factors had no significant impact while substance misuse other than tobacco has significant impact on medication adherence in schizophrenia.

Key words: Substance misuse, demographic factors, medication adherence, schizophrenia.


 
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Pubmed Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 73-76.


Web Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=14240 [Access: April 09, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 73-76.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. RMJ. (2022), [cited April 09, 2022]; 47(1): 73-76.



Harvard Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela (2022) Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. RMJ, 47 (1), 73-76.



Turabian Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. 2022. Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 73-76.



Chicago Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. "Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 73-76.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela. "Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia." Rawal Medical Journal 47.1 (2022), 73-76. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Shakeel, Adeela (2022) Impact of substance misuse and demographic factors on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 73-76.








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