Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 265-270


Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19

Benazir Mahar, Jamshed Warsi, Tazeen Shah.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the depression, anxiety and stress levels among the adult population in response to COVID 19.
Methodology: This online study was conducted between the months of March to June 2020. A DASS-21 questionnaire was utilized in order to screen out the depression, stress and anxiety patients.
Results: Out of 248 participants, 157(63.30%) showed depression, 184(74.19%) showed anxiety and 148(59.67) showed stress. The individuals were showing significantly (p<0.05) more stress who felt they could be infected or those who read COVID-19 related post regularly. Individuals who were worried about, to have infection in their family/friends or suffering financial burden were more in stress, anxiety or depression.
Conclusion: There was high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress during COVID-19 pandemic because of changes in life style.

Key words: Stress, anxiety, depression, COVID 19.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Benazir Mahar
Articles by Jamshed Warsi
Articles by Tazeen Shah
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mahar B, Warsi J, Shah T. Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 265-270.


Web Style

Mahar B, Warsi J, Shah T. Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=121857 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahar B, Warsi J, Shah T. Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 265-270.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahar B, Warsi J, Shah T. Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 265-270.



Harvard Style

Mahar, B., Warsi, . J. & Shah, . T. (2022) Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. RMJ, 47 (2), 265-270.



Turabian Style

Mahar, Benazir, Jamshed Warsi, and Tazeen Shah. 2022. Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 265-270.



Chicago Style

Mahar, Benazir, Jamshed Warsi, and Tazeen Shah. "Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 265-270.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahar, Benazir, Jamshed Warsi, and Tazeen Shah. "Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 265-270. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahar, B., Warsi, . J. & Shah, . T. (2022) Assessment of the state of mental health by using DASS-21 during COVID-19. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 265-270.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus, Web of Science and Tehqeeqat

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.