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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 705-709


Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers

Ainee Shakir, Sadaf Ahsan, Muhammad Akram Riaz.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in one year from July 2015 to July 2016 in Rawalpindi and Islamabad and included 200 paramedics and 200 police officers from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. We used Peritraumatic Distress Scale, Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and Mental Health Inventory. All instruments were Likert type and had satisfactory reliability and validity. Mental health was measured in term of its positive dimension that is psychological well-being.
Results: Peritraumatic distress t(198) = 8.13, p<0.001 and peritraumatic dissociation t(198) = 8.11, p<0.001, were higher in police officers (Mean 25.458.16 and 22.425.96) than paramedics (Mean 17.195.91 and 16.613.84). Females scored higher on peritraumatic distress t(198) = 2.76, p<0.01, and peritraumatic dissociation t(198) = 2.70, p<0.01 as compared to males. Older employees (i.e., late adulthood) were significantly higher on peritraumatic distress F(2,197) = 10.04, p<0.01. Non-significant dissociation was found on peritraumatic dissociation F(2,197) = 10.04, p>0.05.
Conclusion: Peritraumatic distress and dissociation were higher in police officers than paramedics. Females were higher on peritraumatic distress and dissociation compared to males. Peritraumatic distress and dissociation were higher in less in experienced, highly educated and older paramedics and police officers than new, less educated and young paramedics and police officers.

Key words: Peritraumatic distress, peritraumatic dissociation, mental health.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shakir A, Ahsan S, Riaz MA. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 705-709.


Web Style

Shakir A, Ahsan S, Riaz MA. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=116002 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shakir A, Ahsan S, Riaz MA. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 705-709.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shakir A, Ahsan S, Riaz MA. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 705-709.



Harvard Style

Shakir, A., Ahsan, . S. & Riaz, . M. A. (2021) Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. RMJ, 46 (3), 705-709.



Turabian Style

Shakir, Ainee, Sadaf Ahsan, and Muhammad Akram Riaz. 2021. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 705-709.



Chicago Style

Shakir, Ainee, Sadaf Ahsan, and Muhammad Akram Riaz. "Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 705-709.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shakir, Ainee, Sadaf Ahsan, and Muhammad Akram Riaz. "Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 705-709. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shakir, A., Ahsan, . S. & Riaz, . M. A. (2021) Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 705-709.








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