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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 702-704


Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer

Amara Liaqat, M Waqar Afzal, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Ashfaq Ahamd.

Abstract
Objective: To compare of upper extremity muscle strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using a dynamometer.
Methodology: Data were collected from different private schools and 54 children were selected through a non-probability convenient sampling. Only healthy children were included and those who had congenital diseases, recent trauma, and neurological disorders were excluded. A self-made questionnaire was used and the strength of upper extremity was checked by using a dynamometer in pounds.
Results: Among 54 children, 37 (68.5%) were boys and 17 (31.5%) girls. Twenty-seven (50.0%) carried bag on shoulders and 27 (50.0%) used trolley bags. Shoulder flexors mean strength was 14.573.824 lb, extensors 14.443.627 lb, abductors 14.373.753 lb, adductors 14.413.418 lb, elbow flexors14.913.578, extensors 14.83.884 and upper trapezius 15.63 4.341lb.
Conclusion: School-going children with carrying bags on their shoulder showed more muscle strength than those who did not carry bags on their shoulder.

Key words: Carrying bag, dynamometer, muscle strength, upper extremity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Liaqat A, Afzal MW, Ashraf HS, Ahamd A. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 702-704.


Web Style

Liaqat A, Afzal MW, Ashraf HS, Ahamd A. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=10007 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Liaqat A, Afzal MW, Ashraf HS, Ahamd A. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 702-704.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Liaqat A, Afzal MW, Ashraf HS, Ahamd A. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 702-704.



Harvard Style

Liaqat, A., Afzal, . M. W., Ashraf, . H. S. & Ahamd, . A. (2021) Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. RMJ, 46 (3), 702-704.



Turabian Style

Liaqat, Amara, M Waqar Afzal, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, and Ashfaq Ahamd. 2021. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 702-704.



Chicago Style

Liaqat, Amara, M Waqar Afzal, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, and Ashfaq Ahamd. "Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 702-704.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Liaqat, Amara, M Waqar Afzal, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, and Ashfaq Ahamd. "Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 702-704. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Liaqat, A., Afzal, . M. W., Ashraf, . H. S. & Ahamd, . A. (2021) Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 702-704.








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