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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 270-273


Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers

Imran Nazir, Muhammad Ajmal Farid, Rizwan Rasul Khan, Khalid Khalil, Jamal Al Ghamd, Amna Al Kalkami.

Abstract
Objective: To observe the frequency and association of hematological and serological markers in influenza patients.
Methodology: This single-centered retrospective descriptive study was done in Makkah, Saudi Arabia for a 26 months period. We included all admitted confirmed H1N1 patients of both genders using simple random technique. H1N1 was confirmed by a qualitative RT-PCR test through a nasopharyngeal swab. The complete data of patients were extracted from electronic medical records. Blood complete and serological tests detail was documented. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 23. Independent samples t test was applied to see the association of independent variables with influenza A and influenza B patients.
Results: Out of 170 patients, 107(62.9%) were influenza A and 63(37.0%) were influenza B. Anemia was observed almost same (31.8% vs 31.7%) in influenza A and B (p=0.994). Leukopenia was seen 43.9% (n=47) and 25.4% (n=16) in influenza A and B patients, respectively (p=0.891). Thrombocytopenia was documented in 20.6% (n=22) influenza A while 4.8% (n=3) in influenza B (p<0.001). Deranged liver function tests showed non-significant association (p=0.621) between influenza A and B patients. Abnormal renal function tests showed significant association between influenza A and Influenza B.
Conclusion: Anemia, Leukopenia, and abnormal liver function test frequencies were almost same in influenza A and B patients with non-significant association. Thrombocytopenia and abnormal renal function tests showed significant association between influenza A and B patients.

Key words: Influenza A and B, anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nazir I, Farid MA, Khan RR, Khalil K, Ghamd JA, Kalkami AA. Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 270-273.


Web Style

Nazir I, Farid MA, Khan RR, Khalil K, Ghamd JA, Kalkami AA. Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=109141 [Access: June 12, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nazir I, Farid MA, Khan RR, Khalil K, Ghamd JA, Kalkami AA. Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 270-273.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nazir I, Farid MA, Khan RR, Khalil K, Ghamd JA, Kalkami AA. Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. RMJ. (2021), [cited June 12, 2021]; 46(2): 270-273.



Harvard Style

Nazir, I., Farid, . M. A., Khan, . R. R., Khalil, . K., Ghamd, . J. A. & Kalkami, . A. A. (2021) Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. RMJ, 46 (2), 270-273.



Turabian Style

Nazir, Imran, Muhammad Ajmal Farid, Rizwan Rasul Khan, Khalid Khalil, Jamal Al Ghamd, and Amna Al Kalkami. 2021. Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 270-273.



Chicago Style

Nazir, Imran, Muhammad Ajmal Farid, Rizwan Rasul Khan, Khalid Khalil, Jamal Al Ghamd, and Amna Al Kalkami. "Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 270-273.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nazir, Imran, Muhammad Ajmal Farid, Rizwan Rasul Khan, Khalid Khalil, Jamal Al Ghamd, and Amna Al Kalkami. "Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers." Rawal Medical Journal 46.2 (2021), 270-273. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nazir, I., Farid, . M. A., Khan, . R. R., Khalil, . K., Ghamd, . J. A. & Kalkami, . A. A. (2021) Impact of influenza on hematological and serological markers. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 270-273.








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