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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 614-617


Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents

Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra, Sadia Saleem.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the mediating role of social withdrawal in self-criticism and depression.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study included 712 adolescents (Girls=349, Boys=363) aged 12 to 19 years (Mean 14.971.30) recruited through multistage sampling technique from mainstream government schools of Lahore.
Results: There was a positive relationship of self-criticism with social withdrawal and depression, and social withdrawal with depression. Mediation analysis showed that social withdrawal partially mediates the association of self-criticism and depression (β = ¬.35; p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study highlighted that not only self-criticism causes depression in adolescents but also social withdrawal affects the level of depression.

Key words: Self-criticism, social withdrawal, depression, adolescents.


 
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Pubmed Style

Zahra ST, Saleem S. Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 614-617.


Web Style

Zahra ST, Saleem S. Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=10778 [Access: September 02, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zahra ST, Saleem S. Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 614-617.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zahra ST, Saleem S. Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. RMJ. (2022), [cited September 02, 2022]; 47(3): 614-617.



Harvard Style

Zahra, S. T. & Saleem, . S. (2022) Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. RMJ, 47 (3), 614-617.



Turabian Style

Zahra, Sayyeda Taskeen, and Sadia Saleem. 2022. Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 614-617.



Chicago Style

Zahra, Sayyeda Taskeen, and Sadia Saleem. "Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 614-617.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zahra, Sayyeda Taskeen, and Sadia Saleem. "Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents." Rawal Medical Journal 47.3 (2022), 614-617. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zahra, S. T. & Saleem, . S. (2022) Self-criticism and social withdrawal as risk factors for depression in adolescents. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 614-617.








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