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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 696-699


Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment

Hafsah Gul Khattak, Zahoor Ahmad, Hafsah Arshad, Kinza Anwar.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment.
Methodology: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Physiotherapy Rehabilitation center of NCS University, Swabi Campus. The inclusion criteria were age group between 60 to 70 years, MMSE 18-23 and able to walk independently without use of assistive device. Those with musculoskeletal disorders, current medical condition for which exercise was contraindicated, had cardiac and respiratory disorders were excluded from the study. A sample of 60 patients were randomly divided into experimental and control group using sealed envelope technique. Treatment for the experimental group was moderate intensity aerobic exercise program i.e., walking and control group received active range of motion exercises and stretching 5days/week for 6 weeks. Control group performed gentle active range of motion exercises and stretching exercises to large muscle groups of lower limb and trunk muscles for 5-7 cycles of 10 repetitions for 20 mins for 5 days/week and training was continued for 6 weeks. MMSE, MoCA, Trail making Test A and B were done at baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention.
Results: Of the 75 patients assessed, 60 were included; of them there were 30 in each group. Mean age was 62.49±1.82years. There were 35(56.5%) males and 24 (38.7%) females. Intra-group analysis showed significant improvement in outcomes measures MMSE, MoCA, TMT-A and B after six weeks of intervention in aerobic training group (p<0.05). Inter-group analysis showed significant differences in scores of neurocognitive measures (p<0.05) after six weeks of training.
Conclusion: Aerobic exercise showed improvement in neurocognitive domains of elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment after 6 weeks of intervention.

Key words: Aerobic exercise, elderly, mild cognitive impairment, cognition, ageing.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khattak HG, Ahmad Z, Arshad H, Anwar K. Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 696-699.


Web Style

Khattak HG, Ahmad Z, Arshad H, Anwar K. Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=96492 [Access: September 02, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khattak HG, Ahmad Z, Arshad H, Anwar K. Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 696-699.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khattak HG, Ahmad Z, Arshad H, Anwar K. Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. RMJ. (2022), [cited September 02, 2022]; 47(3): 696-699.



Harvard Style

Khattak, H. G., Ahmad, . Z., Arshad, . H. & Anwar, . K. (2022) Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. RMJ, 47 (3), 696-699.



Turabian Style

Khattak, Hafsah Gul, Zahoor Ahmad, Hafsah Arshad, and Kinza Anwar. 2022. Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 696-699.



Chicago Style

Khattak, Hafsah Gul, Zahoor Ahmad, Hafsah Arshad, and Kinza Anwar. "Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 696-699.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khattak, Hafsah Gul, Zahoor Ahmad, Hafsah Arshad, and Kinza Anwar. "Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment." Rawal Medical Journal 47.3 (2022), 696-699. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khattak, H. G., Ahmad, . Z., Arshad, . H. & Anwar, . K. (2022) Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition in elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 696-699.








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