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Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study

Gizem Ergezen, Esra Atilgan, Alaaddin Kilicaslan.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) exercises on pain and maximal mouth opening in individuals with temporomandibular disorder (TMD).
Methodology: This prospective, quasi experimental pilot study included nine female individuals between the age of 18 to 25 who were diagnosed with TMD by Research Diagnostic criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD/RDC). PNF exercises were performed for a session with 30 minutes using neck, jaw and tongue patterns with rhythmic stabilization (RS) and combination of isotonics (CI) techniques. Maximal mouth openings were measured with caliper, pain intensities were measured with visual analogue scale and pressure pain thresholds by hand algometer.
Results: After PNF application, maximally assisted opening and pain threshold increased, and pain intensity decreased significantly (p<0.05). PNF had a positive effect on all measurements.
Conclusion: PNF exercises increased mouth opening, increased the pressure pain threshold, and decreased pain intensity immediately in individuals with TMD. In TMD, PNF exercises are seen as one of the options that can be used to increase mouth opening and reduce pain.

Key words: Orofacial pain, temporomandibular joint disorders, therapeutic, pain threshold.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ergezen G, Atilgan E, Kilicaslan A. Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280


Web Style

Ergezen G, Atilgan E, Kilicaslan A. Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=94255 [Access: April 06, 2022]. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ergezen G, Atilgan E, Kilicaslan A. Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ergezen G, Atilgan E, Kilicaslan A. Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. RMJ. (2022), [cited April 06, 2022]; 47(1): 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



Harvard Style

Ergezen, G., Atilgan, . E. & Kilicaslan, . A. (2022) Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. RMJ, 47 (1), 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



Turabian Style

Ergezen, Gizem, Esra Atilgan, and Alaaddin Kilicaslan. 2022. Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



Chicago Style

Ergezen, Gizem, Esra Atilgan, and Alaaddin Kilicaslan. "Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ergezen, Gizem, Esra Atilgan, and Alaaddin Kilicaslan. "Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study." Rawal Medical Journal 47.1 (2022), 125-128. Print. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ergezen, G., Atilgan, . E. & Kilicaslan, . A. (2022) Immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on pain and maximal mouth opening in temporomandibular dysfunction: A pilot study. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 125-128. doi:10.5455/rmj.94255.27-1625658280








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