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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 497-499


Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital

Iftikhar Ahmad, Haidar Zaman, Muhammad Asim, Atta Ul Wadood, Muhammad Salman Khan, Usman Akbar.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the spectrum of anemia with its frequency and etiology in a tertiary care hospital.
Methodology: It was an observational cross-sectional study with simple random sampling. Total sample size was 130. Data collection was carried out after taking consent and ethical considerations. Duration of study was from September 2018 to February 2019.
Results: Out of 130 patients, 60(46.15%) were male while 70(53.84%) female. We found Iron deficiency in 35.38% patients and anemia of chronic disease in 28.46%. Malnutrition, chronic kidney disease and Diabetes Mellitus were the common causes of anemia of chronic disease. Among the rare causes were rheumatoid arthritis (49.45%) SLE (21.75%), Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (19.80%), Acute Myeloid Leukemia (18.84%), lymphomas (10.56%) and dermatomyositis 9.96%.
Conclusion: Most common type of anemia was Iron deficiency anemia caused by nutritional deficiency and menstrual irregularities. In anemia of chronic diseases, the most common causes were Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Kidney Disease. Anemia caused by blood cancers was rare.

Key words: Anemia,iron deficiency, malnutrition.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmad I, Zaman H, Asim M, Wadood AU, Khan MS, Akbar U. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 497-499.


Web Style

Ahmad I, Zaman H, Asim M, Wadood AU, Khan MS, Akbar U. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=87692 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmad I, Zaman H, Asim M, Wadood AU, Khan MS, Akbar U. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 497-499.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmad I, Zaman H, Asim M, Wadood AU, Khan MS, Akbar U. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 497-499.



Harvard Style

Ahmad, I., Zaman, . H., Asim, . M., Wadood, . A. U., Khan, . M. S. & Akbar, . U. (2021) Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ, 46 (3), 497-499.



Turabian Style

Ahmad, Iftikhar, Haidar Zaman, Muhammad Asim, Atta Ul Wadood, Muhammad Salman Khan, and Usman Akbar. 2021. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 497-499.



Chicago Style

Ahmad, Iftikhar, Haidar Zaman, Muhammad Asim, Atta Ul Wadood, Muhammad Salman Khan, and Usman Akbar. "Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 497-499.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmad, Iftikhar, Haidar Zaman, Muhammad Asim, Atta Ul Wadood, Muhammad Salman Khan, and Usman Akbar. "Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 497-499. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmad, I., Zaman, . H., Asim, . M., Wadood, . A. U., Khan, . M. S. & Akbar, . U. (2021) Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 497-499.








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