Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 426-430


Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan

Fariha Muzzamil, Maryam Rafiq, Zahid Kamal Siddiqui, Muhammad Hamza, Amna Arooj, Raees Abbas Lail.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude about pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers in District head Quarter (DHQ) Teaching Hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan.
Methodology: This questionnaire-based web survey was done at Sahiwal Medical College, Sahiwal from July to August 2020. We used 24 multiple choice-question based Questionnaire, developed as per WHO & CLSI guidelines. It was distributed among healthcare workers through whatsapp messenger and responses were recorded.
Results: The frequency of correct responses varied from 14.9% to 87%. More than 80% of respondents were aware of standard phlebotomy protocols, rejection criteria, and standard operating procedure of sampling for biochemical, hematological and arterial blood gas analysis. 65-79% of respondents were aware of correct vacutainers and anti-coagulants used for different tests. Poor responses, 17.1% and 14.9% were recorded for sample mixing and effect of delay in analysis respectively.
Conclusion: Healthcare workers in DHQ Teaching Hospital, Sahiwal are not fully aware about basic laboratory protocols. This unawareness can lead to generation of erroneous lab reports. Formal education and training is needed to create awareness among healthcare workers.

Key words: Awareness, healthcare workers, phlebotomy, pre-analytical errors.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Fariha Muzzamil
Articles by Maryam Rafiq
Articles by Zahid Kamal Siddiqui
Articles by Muhammad Hamza
Articles by Amna Arooj
Articles by Raees Abbas Lail
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muzzamil F, Rafiq M, Siddiqui ZK, Hamza M, Arooj A, Lail RA. Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 426-430.


Web Style

Muzzamil F, Rafiq M, Siddiqui ZK, Hamza M, Arooj A, Lail RA. Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=8025 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muzzamil F, Rafiq M, Siddiqui ZK, Hamza M, Arooj A, Lail RA. Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 426-430.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muzzamil F, Rafiq M, Siddiqui ZK, Hamza M, Arooj A, Lail RA. Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 426-430.



Harvard Style

Muzzamil, F., Rafiq, . M., Siddiqui, . Z. K., Hamza, . M., Arooj, . A. & Lail, . R. A. (2022) Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. RMJ, 47 (2), 426-430.



Turabian Style

Muzzamil, Fariha, Maryam Rafiq, Zahid Kamal Siddiqui, Muhammad Hamza, Amna Arooj, and Raees Abbas Lail. 2022. Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 426-430.



Chicago Style

Muzzamil, Fariha, Maryam Rafiq, Zahid Kamal Siddiqui, Muhammad Hamza, Amna Arooj, and Raees Abbas Lail. "Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 426-430.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muzzamil, Fariha, Maryam Rafiq, Zahid Kamal Siddiqui, Muhammad Hamza, Amna Arooj, and Raees Abbas Lail. "Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 426-430. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muzzamil, F., Rafiq, . M., Siddiqui, . Z. K., Hamza, . M., Arooj, . A. & Lail, . R. A. (2022) Awareness of pre-analytical errors amongst healthcare workers of DHQ teaching hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 426-430.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus, Web of Science and Tehqeeqat

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.