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RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 396-399


Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females

Romaiza Maqsood, Maria Malik, Azhar Hayat, Iqra Shoukat, Mehwish Khalid, Warisha Altaf.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of pre-eclempsia among multigravida females.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in department of gynecology and obstetrics, Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital, Sialkot from January 2021 to June 20201. Multigravida women with the parity of 2-4, with singleton pregnancy and having gestational age >20 weeks confirmed on ultrasound, were included in the study. Those having any chronic disease like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, multi fetal pregnancy, smoking or drug addiction, history of congenital anomalies in previous children were excluded from the study. Female with blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg and proteinuria of ≥1+ detected on dipstick method either with edema or without edema was diagnosed as pre-eclempsia. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.
Results: Total of 142 multigravida females were included in the study with mean age of 27.83±4.5 years. 41(28.8%) were para-2, 68(47.8%) were para-3 and 33(23.2%) were para-4. 82(57.7%) had gestational age <26 weeks and 60(42.2%) had gestational age ≥26 weeks. Body mass index was < 25 in 96(67.6%) females and ≥25 in 46(32.4%) females. Mean systolic blood pressure was 142.86± 12.5 mmHg and mean diastolic blood pressure was 88.26± 11.3 mmHg. Proteinuria was found in 19(13.4%) females. Pre-eclempsia was found in 21(14.8%) multigravida females.
Conclusion: Multigravida females are at high risk for developing pre-eclempsia. Increased parity, increased body mass index and older age are risk factors of pre-eclempsia. There should be proper follow-up such pregnant females to reduce its morbidity and mortality.

Key words: Multigravida, pre-eclempsia, proteinuria, hypertension.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Maqsood R, Malik M, Hayat A, Shoukat I, Khalid M, Altaf W. Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 396-399.


Web Style

Maqsood R, Malik M, Hayat A, Shoukat I, Khalid M, Altaf W. Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=71559 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maqsood R, Malik M, Hayat A, Shoukat I, Khalid M, Altaf W. Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 396-399.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maqsood R, Malik M, Hayat A, Shoukat I, Khalid M, Altaf W. Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 396-399.



Harvard Style

Maqsood, R., Malik, . M., Hayat, . A., Shoukat, . I., Khalid, . M. & Altaf, . W. (2022) Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. RMJ, 47 (2), 396-399.



Turabian Style

Maqsood, Romaiza, Maria Malik, Azhar Hayat, Iqra Shoukat, Mehwish Khalid, and Warisha Altaf. 2022. Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 396-399.



Chicago Style

Maqsood, Romaiza, Maria Malik, Azhar Hayat, Iqra Shoukat, Mehwish Khalid, and Warisha Altaf. "Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 396-399.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maqsood, Romaiza, Maria Malik, Azhar Hayat, Iqra Shoukat, Mehwish Khalid, and Warisha Altaf. "Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 396-399. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maqsood, R., Malik, . M., Hayat, . A., Shoukat, . I., Khalid, . M. & Altaf, . W. (2022) Pre-eclempsia: A cross sectional study conducted on multigravida females. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 396-399.








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