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Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns

Saeeda Nabat ul Hassan, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Rabia Naseer Khan, Sadia Zia, Usman Ali.

Abstract
Objective: To determine frequency of common bacteria causing urinary tract infection (UTI) among toilet-trained children and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was completed from October 2020 to March 2021 at pathology unit of Sahara Medical College, Narowal. It included 193 toilet-trained children with culture positive UTI. Demographic details like gender, age, residential area, and clinical findings along with isolated microorganism and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern were recorded. Mid-stream urinary samples were collected and sent to institutional laboratory for urine analysis, culture and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns.
Results: Out of 193 children, there were 108(54%) female and 91(47.2%) male. Mean age was 10.56±3.82 years (range 6-14). There were 107(55.4%) children above 10 years of age and 122(63.2%) belonged to rural areas. Most common bacteria isolated was E. coli in 155(80.3%) cases. Antimicrobials having highest sensitivity against the causative bacteria include imipenem and meropenem 189(97.9%), piperacillin tazobactam 187(96.9%), amikacin 185(95.8%), fosfomycin 184(95.3%), gentamycin 178(92.2%) and sulzone 171(88.6%).
Conclusion: E. Coli was the commonest bacteria causing UTI among toilet trained children. Antimicrobials with highest sensitivity against the causative organisms include imipenem, meropenem, piperacillin tazobactam, amikacin and fosfomycin.

Key words: Cutaneous infections, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Antibiotic susceptibility, Bacterial culture and sensitivity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Khan RN, Zia S, Ali U. Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 49-52.


Web Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Khan RN, Zia S, Ali U. Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=68902 [Access: April 05, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Khan RN, Zia S, Ali U. Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 49-52.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Khan RN, Zia S, Ali U. Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. (2022), [cited April 05, 2022]; 47(1): 49-52.



Harvard Style

Hassan, S. N. u., Farva, . K., Bhutta, . G. A., Khan, . R. N., Zia, . S. & Ali, . U. (2022) Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ, 47 (1), 49-52.



Turabian Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Rabia Naseer Khan, Sadia Zia, and Usman Ali. 2022. Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 49-52.



Chicago Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Rabia Naseer Khan, Sadia Zia, and Usman Ali. "Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 49-52.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Rabia Naseer Khan, Sadia Zia, and Usman Ali. "Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns." Rawal Medical Journal 47.1 (2022), 49-52. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hassan, S. N. u., Farva, . K., Bhutta, . G. A., Khan, . R. N., Zia, . S. & Ali, . U. (2022) Microorganism causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 49-52.








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