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Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis

Nayab Afzal, Naila Tariq, Samar Abbas Jaffri, Danish Shakeel, Syed Naveed Mohsin.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydroxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted from February to December 2020. A total of 196 patients who were between 18-80 years of age on maintenance hemodialysis for at least one month were selected using non probability consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 22.
Results: Out of 196 patients, 112(57.14%) were males and 84(42.86%) females. 151(77%) were diabetic and 157(80.1%) hypertensive. Low level of vitamin D was observed in 187(95.41%) patients. In these, 64(32.7%) were severely deficient (25(OH) D <10ng/ml), 102(52.0%) had deficiency (25(OH) D 10-20 ng/ml) and 21(10.7%) had insufficient levels of vitamin D (25(OH)D 21 to 30 ng/ml). The relationship between severity of deficient levels had no correlation with age, gender, BMI and hypertension (p>0.05), while a statistically significant correlation was found with duration of CKD, duration of hemodialysis, number of hemodialysis sessions/week and diabetes
Conclusion: Low level of vitamin D was observed in 95.41% patients on hemoldialysis.

Key words: Vitamin D deficiency, insufficiency, chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Afzal N, Tariq N, Jaffri SA, Shakeel D, Mohsin SN. Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 14-17.


Web Style

Afzal N, Tariq N, Jaffri SA, Shakeel D, Mohsin SN. Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=57382 [Access: April 04, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afzal N, Tariq N, Jaffri SA, Shakeel D, Mohsin SN. Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 14-17.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afzal N, Tariq N, Jaffri SA, Shakeel D, Mohsin SN. Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. RMJ. (2022), [cited April 04, 2022]; 47(1): 14-17.



Harvard Style

Afzal, N., Tariq, . N., Jaffri, . S. A., Shakeel, . D. & Mohsin, . S. N. (2022) Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. RMJ, 47 (1), 14-17.



Turabian Style

Afzal, Nayab, Naila Tariq, Samar Abbas Jaffri, Danish Shakeel, and Syed Naveed Mohsin. 2022. Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 14-17.



Chicago Style

Afzal, Nayab, Naila Tariq, Samar Abbas Jaffri, Danish Shakeel, and Syed Naveed Mohsin. "Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 14-17.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afzal, Nayab, Naila Tariq, Samar Abbas Jaffri, Danish Shakeel, and Syed Naveed Mohsin. "Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis." Rawal Medical Journal 47.1 (2022), 14-17. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afzal, N., Tariq, . N., Jaffri, . S. A., Shakeel, . D. & Mohsin, . S. N. (2022) Proportion of insufficient, deficient and severely deficient level of 25 hydrooxy Vitamin D in patients on hemodialysis. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (1), 14-17.








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