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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 477-481


Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer

Musab- Bin- Amir, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Saadia Perwaiz, Samuel Rafaqat, Yusra Arif, Nimra Basit.

Abstract
Objective: To quantify the strength in various muscle groups of lower extremity in young male athletes of badminton and squash by using hand-held dynamometer.
Methodology: In this cross sectional study, 31 elite athletes were selected through non probability convenience sampling. Strength of 10 muscle groups of lower extremities was measured in short sitting, prone and supine lying. The mean of three measurements was taken as reference value. The mean strength was then used to quantify strength of various muscle groups of lower extremity. The strength between both groups was then compared by independent sample t-test. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 25.
Results: The flexors and extensors of hip and knee region were among the stronger muscle groups in both badminton and squash players. The muscles of ankle had less strength. The strength difference between various muscles of both groups was insignificant. Both groups showed more strength on dominant side as compared to non-dominant one.
Conclusion: The quantification of strength by hand-held dynamometer in young male players of badminton and squash showed varied range of strength in various muscles of lower extremity.

Key words: Muscle strength, muscle strength dynamometer, athletes, lower extremity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Amir MB, Afzal MW, Perwaiz S, Rafaqat S, Arif Y, Basit N. Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 477-481.


Web Style

Amir MB, Afzal MW, Perwaiz S, Rafaqat S, Arif Y, Basit N. Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=47396 [Access: May 19, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amir MB, Afzal MW, Perwaiz S, Rafaqat S, Arif Y, Basit N. Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 477-481.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amir MB, Afzal MW, Perwaiz S, Rafaqat S, Arif Y, Basit N. Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 19, 2022]; 47(2): 477-481.



Harvard Style

Amir, M. B., Afzal, . M. W., Perwaiz, . S., Rafaqat, . S., Arif, . Y. & Basit, . N. (2022) Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. RMJ, 47 (2), 477-481.



Turabian Style

Amir, Musab- Bin-, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Saadia Perwaiz, Samuel Rafaqat, Yusra Arif, and Nimra Basit. 2022. Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 477-481.



Chicago Style

Amir, Musab- Bin-, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Saadia Perwaiz, Samuel Rafaqat, Yusra Arif, and Nimra Basit. "Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 477-481.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amir, Musab- Bin-, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Saadia Perwaiz, Samuel Rafaqat, Yusra Arif, and Nimra Basit. "Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 477-481. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amir, M. B., Afzal, . M. W., Perwaiz, . S., Rafaqat, . S., Arif, . Y. & Basit, . N. (2022) Quantification of strength of muscles of lower extremity in elite athletes participating in badminton and squash by hand held dynamometer. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 477-481.








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