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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 776-779


Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience

Awwabah Rufarakh, Samina Majeed, Ayesha Jahangir, Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Zartasha Farooq, Alio Mohammad.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the correlation between loneliness, sleep disturbances, resilience and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and stress among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 young adults with age 18-40 years from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region, Pakistan. We used UCLA-Loneliness Scale, PROMIS-Sleep Disturbance Scale, the Ego Resiliency scale and DASS-21. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: There was positive correlation between loneliness, sleep disturbance, mental health problems and a negative correlation with resilience. Resilience played a moderating role between loneliness and mental health problems and between sleep disturbances and mental health problems.
Conclusion: During the times of the COVID-19 pandemic, loneliness, sleep disturbances effect on mental health problems, and the positively correlate and they correlate negatively with resilience.

Key words: Loneliness, sleep disturbance, mental health problems, COVID 19.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rufarakh A, Majeed S, Jahangir A, Khan MJ, Farooq Z, Mohammad A. Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 776-779.


Web Style

Rufarakh A, Majeed S, Jahangir A, Khan MJ, Farooq Z, Mohammad A. Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=42069 [Access: October 14, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rufarakh A, Majeed S, Jahangir A, Khan MJ, Farooq Z, Mohammad A. Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 776-779.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rufarakh A, Majeed S, Jahangir A, Khan MJ, Farooq Z, Mohammad A. Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. RMJ. (2021), [cited October 14, 2021]; 46(4): 776-779.



Harvard Style

Rufarakh, A., Majeed, . S., Jahangir, . A., Khan, . M. J., Farooq, . Z. & Mohammad, . A. (2021) Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. RMJ, 46 (4), 776-779.



Turabian Style

Rufarakh, Awwabah, Samina Majeed, Ayesha Jahangir, Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Zartasha Farooq, and Alio Mohammad. 2021. Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 776-779.



Chicago Style

Rufarakh, Awwabah, Samina Majeed, Ayesha Jahangir, Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Zartasha Farooq, and Alio Mohammad. "Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 776-779.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rufarakh, Awwabah, Samina Majeed, Ayesha Jahangir, Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Zartasha Farooq, and Alio Mohammad. "Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience." Rawal Medical Journal 46.4 (2021), 776-779. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rufarakh, A., Majeed, . S., Jahangir, . A., Khan, . M. J., Farooq, . Z. & Mohammad, . A. (2021) Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 776-779.








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