Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 407-411


Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections

Sadiq Jan, Sobia Nawaz.

Abstract
Objective: To observe the effects of repeat cesarean sections on mother and fetal outcomes.
Methodology: This observational study was conducted in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, District Headquarter Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from Feb 2019 to Jan 2020. The study included recurrent cesarean patients, divided into three groups; Group I women (n=300) who had 2 births by C-section, Group II (n=185) included women who had 3 births by C-section, and Group III (n=45) included women who had four or more C-section. Case records were analyzed for demographic and clinical features such as age, duration of surgery, parity, and hospital stay prenatal complications and estimated blood loss (EBL) during surgery. Intraoperative complications were observed in terms of severe adhesions, scar separation, placenta praevia, morbid adherent placenta, surrounding intestinal damage, anesthetic complications, the need for blood transfusions and fetal outcomes.
Results: A significant increase was observed in women with more than two cesarean births in adhesions, placenta adhesion, placenta praevia and obstetric hysterectomy requirements. We could not find a significant increase in surgery time, injuries to surrounding structures, need for blood transfusions, and anesthesia complications between the three groups.
Conclusion: Women with recurrent cesarean sections are at risk of developing intraoperative complications that may increase the risk of fetal and maternal morbidity, but their greater number does not constitute an additional risk.

Key words: Cesarean section, cesarean section, repeat, morbidity, fetomaternal.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sadiq Jan
Articles by Sobia Nawaz
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jan S, Nawaz S. Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 407-411.


Web Style

Jan S, Nawaz S. Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=31357 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jan S, Nawaz S. Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 407-411.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jan S, Nawaz S. Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 407-411.



Harvard Style

Jan, S. & Nawaz, . S. (2022) Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. RMJ, 47 (2), 407-411.



Turabian Style

Jan, Sadiq, and Sobia Nawaz. 2022. Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 407-411.



Chicago Style

Jan, Sadiq, and Sobia Nawaz. "Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 407-411.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jan, Sadiq, and Sobia Nawaz. "Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 407-411. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jan, S. & Nawaz, . S. (2022) Fetomaternal morbidity related to multiple cesarean sections. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 407-411.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus, Web of Science and Tehqeeqat

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.