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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 612-615


Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Amna Zia, Farhia Shah, Hafiz Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Saleem Nawaz, Samrood Akram.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of different symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and their association with upper cross syndrome.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted on 78 individuals with temporomandibular joint dysfunction through non probability convenience sampling technique. The Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) questionnaire was used and postural assessment of cervical spine and shoulder, flexibility testing of upper trapezius, levator scapular and pectoralis major along with deep flexor endurance test was done to make a diagnosis of upper cross syndrome.
Results: There was moderate to high association between upper cross syndrome and different variables of TMJ dysfunction, as 76% had upper cross syndrome. Lateral deviation of jaw, limitation in jaw opening and difficulty in chewing hard food were moderate to highly associated with upper cross syndrome with P value for all variables were 0.00 and r=0.791, 0.657 and 0.628, respectively.
Conclusion: TMJ dysfunction is associated with upper cross syndrome. We found variety of severity levels and associated prognostic indicators.

Key words: Temporomandibular Joint Disorders, cervical pain, forward head posture, Physical Therapy Modalities.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zia A, Shah F, Asim HM, Nawaz MS, Akram S. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 612-615.


Web Style

Zia A, Shah F, Asim HM, Nawaz MS, Akram S. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=293688 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zia A, Shah F, Asim HM, Nawaz MS, Akram S. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 612-615.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zia A, Shah F, Asim HM, Nawaz MS, Akram S. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 612-615.



Harvard Style

Zia, A., Shah, . F., Asim, . H. M., Nawaz, . M. S. & Akram, . S. (2021) Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. RMJ, 46 (3), 612-615.



Turabian Style

Zia, Amna, Farhia Shah, Hafiz Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Saleem Nawaz, and Samrood Akram. 2021. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 612-615.



Chicago Style

Zia, Amna, Farhia Shah, Hafiz Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Saleem Nawaz, and Samrood Akram. "Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 612-615.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zia, Amna, Farhia Shah, Hafiz Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Saleem Nawaz, and Samrood Akram. "Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 612-615. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zia, A., Shah, . F., Asim, . H. M., Nawaz, . M. S. & Akram, . S. (2021) Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 612-615.








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