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RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 753-755


Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan

Zair Hassan, Shah Jehan, Uzair Yaqoob, Ibad Ur Rehman, Rafi Ullah, Irfan Ullah.

Abstract
Objective: To identify the prevalence of B12 deficiency in anemic Afghan patients.
Methodology: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at the Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar from January to June 2019. Vitamin B12, Hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume, mean cell hemoglobin, and mean cell hemoglobin concentration was measured.
Results: Out of 228 patients, 103 (45.17%) were male and 125 (54.82%) female. Most were >60 years of age. A total of 60 (26.3%) patients was found B12 deficient, of which 34 were females. Hb level of four patients was <6 gm/dl.
Conclusion: B12 deficiency in Afghan refugees was found in 26.3% patients.

Key words: Vitamin B12, anemia, Afghan refugees, macrocytic anemia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hassan Z, Jehan S, Yaqoob U, Rehman IU, Ullah R, Ullah I. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 753-755.


Web Style

Hassan Z, Jehan S, Yaqoob U, Rehman IU, Ullah R, Ullah I. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=28432 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hassan Z, Jehan S, Yaqoob U, Rehman IU, Ullah R, Ullah I. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 753-755.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hassan Z, Jehan S, Yaqoob U, Rehman IU, Ullah R, Ullah I. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 753-755.



Harvard Style

Hassan, Z., Jehan, . S., Yaqoob, . U., Rehman, . I. U., Ullah, . R. & Ullah, . I. (2021) Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. RMJ, 46 (3), 753-755.



Turabian Style

Hassan, Zair, Shah Jehan, Uzair Yaqoob, Ibad Ur Rehman, Rafi Ullah, and Irfan Ullah. 2021. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 753-755.



Chicago Style

Hassan, Zair, Shah Jehan, Uzair Yaqoob, Ibad Ur Rehman, Rafi Ullah, and Irfan Ullah. "Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 753-755.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hassan, Zair, Shah Jehan, Uzair Yaqoob, Ibad Ur Rehman, Rafi Ullah, and Irfan Ullah. "Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 753-755. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hassan, Z., Jehan, . S., Yaqoob, . U., Rehman, . I. U., Ullah, . R. & Ullah, . I. (2021) Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 753-755.








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