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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 593-599


Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan

Noreen Qasim, Maria Sohail, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Aeysha Gulzar, Nimra Javed, Abdul Ghafoor.

Abstract
Objective: To find the frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disabilities and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan.
Methodology: In this analytical observational study, 145 farmers of district Kasur were included using convenient sampling technique from October 2019 to January 2020. Standardized Oswestry Disability Index, Body Symptoms Survey and modified, self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection.
Results: Mean age of participants was 41.8212.282 years (range 20-70). Per day mean working hours were 11.172.868 (range 2-17). Considerably large number of people had symptoms which caused functional disabilities; firstly in thigh region (36.3%, p=0.001) & secondly in lower leg (28.8%, p=0.01). About 68.5% farmers had fair knowledge of ergonomics (p<0.001) and 67.1% portrayed positive attitude of ergonomic adaptations (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Minority of agriculturalists had severe work-related musculoskeletal pain and functional disabilities which affected their quality of life and farm work. Farmers portrayed fair knowledge of ergonomic and safety measures in their working area and depicted positive attitude of adaptations in their workstation.

Key words: Ergonomic adaptations, functional disability, musculoskeletal symptoms.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Qasim N, Sohail M, Ashraf HS, Gulzar A, Javed N, Ghafoor A. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 593-599.


Web Style

Qasim N, Sohail M, Ashraf HS, Gulzar A, Javed N, Ghafoor A. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=23769 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Qasim N, Sohail M, Ashraf HS, Gulzar A, Javed N, Ghafoor A. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 593-599.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Qasim N, Sohail M, Ashraf HS, Gulzar A, Javed N, Ghafoor A. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 593-599.



Harvard Style

Qasim, N., Sohail, . M., Ashraf, . H. S., Gulzar, . A., Javed, . N. & Ghafoor, . A. (2021) Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ, 46 (3), 593-599.



Turabian Style

Qasim, Noreen, Maria Sohail, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Aeysha Gulzar, Nimra Javed, and Abdul Ghafoor. 2021. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 593-599.



Chicago Style

Qasim, Noreen, Maria Sohail, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Aeysha Gulzar, Nimra Javed, and Abdul Ghafoor. "Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 593-599.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Qasim, Noreen, Maria Sohail, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Aeysha Gulzar, Nimra Javed, and Abdul Ghafoor. "Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 593-599. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Qasim, N., Sohail, . M., Ashraf, . H. S., Gulzar, . A., Javed, . N. & Ghafoor, . A. (2021) Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 593-599.








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