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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 598-602


Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan

Arshia Bilal, Asifa Afzal, Iffat Noreen, Tahreem Fatima, Naima Memon, Sumaiyya Zubairi, Tayyiba Haq, Sana Iqbal, Rizwan Ashiq.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the proportion of postpartum depression (PPD) and its association with pre and post-natal iron supplementation among women of reproductive age.
Methodology: This analytical cross -sectional study was carried out from January 2018 to August 2019 in Pakistan Air Force (PAF) hospital, Islamabad. Data of 93 postpartum women were collected by interview through non probability consecutive sampling. An Urdu translated semi-structured questionnaire was used. Postpartum depression was assessed through Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) with cutoff value of <8. Chi square test and Fisher exact test were used to see the association.
Results: Of the 93 mothers, 74 (79.5%) suffered from varying degree of depression (EPDS≥9 score), and 19 (20.4%) did not have depression (EPDS score <8). None of the participant’s sociodemographic characteristics showed significant association with depression (p>0.05). However, anemia (p=0.008) and antenatal supplementation (p=0.006) showed statistically significant association with postpartum depression.
Conclusion: Strong association was observed between PPD and anemia. So, there is dire need of timely identification and treatment of individuals having propensity of developing anemia and PPD.

Key words: Postpartum depression, iron supplementation, postnatal, prenatal.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bilal A, Afzal A, Noreen I, Fatima T, Memon N, Zubairi S, Haq T, Iqbal S, Ashiq R. Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 598-602.


Web Style

Bilal A, Afzal A, Noreen I, Fatima T, Memon N, Zubairi S, Haq T, Iqbal S, Ashiq R. Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=16017 [Access: September 02, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bilal A, Afzal A, Noreen I, Fatima T, Memon N, Zubairi S, Haq T, Iqbal S, Ashiq R. Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 598-602.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bilal A, Afzal A, Noreen I, Fatima T, Memon N, Zubairi S, Haq T, Iqbal S, Ashiq R. Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. (2022), [cited September 02, 2022]; 47(3): 598-602.



Harvard Style

Bilal, A., Afzal, . A., Noreen, . I., Fatima, . T., Memon, . N., Zubairi, . S., Haq, . T., Iqbal, . S. & Ashiq, . R. (2022) Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ, 47 (3), 598-602.



Turabian Style

Bilal, Arshia, Asifa Afzal, Iffat Noreen, Tahreem Fatima, Naima Memon, Sumaiyya Zubairi, Tayyiba Haq, Sana Iqbal, and Rizwan Ashiq. 2022. Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 598-602.



Chicago Style

Bilal, Arshia, Asifa Afzal, Iffat Noreen, Tahreem Fatima, Naima Memon, Sumaiyya Zubairi, Tayyiba Haq, Sana Iqbal, and Rizwan Ashiq. "Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 598-602.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bilal, Arshia, Asifa Afzal, Iffat Noreen, Tahreem Fatima, Naima Memon, Sumaiyya Zubairi, Tayyiba Haq, Sana Iqbal, and Rizwan Ashiq. "Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47.3 (2022), 598-602. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bilal, A., Afzal, . A., Noreen, . I., Fatima, . T., Memon, . N., Zubairi, . S., Haq, . T., Iqbal, . S. & Ashiq, . R. (2022) Association of postpartum depression with pre and post-natal iron supplementation in women of reproductive age of Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (3), 598-602.








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