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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 416-419


Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness

Mahpara Khalil, Saba Ghayas, Adnan Adil, Sadia Niazi.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the self-efficacy and role of assertiveness as predictor of mediator on mental health among university students.
Methodology: This study had 400 university students (200 males and 200 female) selected through convenient sampling technique with age range 20 to 24 (mean 21.53.1). Urdu translated Generalized Self Efficacy scale, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, and Self-Assertiveness Scale were used.
Results: Self-efficacy and self-assertiveness were significant negative predictors of mental health (Depression, Anxiety and Stress). Self-efficacy was significant predictor of assertiveness. Results supported the meditational role of assertiveness in the relationship between of self-efficacy and mental health (Depression, anxiety & stress).
Conclusion: Self-efficacy and assertiveness are important negative predictors of the indices of depression, anxiety and stress on mental health. Self-efficacy influenced mental health indirectly through assertiveness. Gender predicts significant differences in depression, anxiety, and stress.

Key words: Depression, self-efficacy, assertiveness.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khalil M, Ghayas S, Adil A, Niazi S. Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 416-419.


Web Style

Khalil M, Ghayas S, Adil A, Niazi S. Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=135689 [Access: June 12, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalil M, Ghayas S, Adil A, Niazi S. Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. RMJ. 2021; 46(2): 416-419.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalil M, Ghayas S, Adil A, Niazi S. Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. RMJ. (2021), [cited June 12, 2021]; 46(2): 416-419.



Harvard Style

Khalil, M., Ghayas, . S., Adil, . A. & Niazi, . S. (2021) Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. RMJ, 46 (2), 416-419.



Turabian Style

Khalil, Mahpara, Saba Ghayas, Adnan Adil, and Sadia Niazi. 2021. Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 416-419.



Chicago Style

Khalil, Mahpara, Saba Ghayas, Adnan Adil, and Sadia Niazi. "Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 416-419.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalil, Mahpara, Saba Ghayas, Adnan Adil, and Sadia Niazi. "Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness." Rawal Medical Journal 46.2 (2021), 416-419. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalil, M., Ghayas, . S., Adil, . A. & Niazi, . S. (2021) Self-efficacy and Mental health among university students: Mediating role of assertiveness. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (2), 416-419.








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