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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 925-927


Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the health-related quality of life in patients with above knee amputation due to diabetic ulceration.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted from May to August 2021 on 97 patients using a non-probability convenient sampling technique. The data were collected from Services Hospital, PSRD, and General Hospital, Lahore. A previously validated questionnaires EQ-5D was used for data collection.
Results: Out of 97 patients, there were 53(54.6%) males and 44(45.4%) females. Out of 97, 57 (58.8%) patients were with gangrene and 40 (41.2%) without gangrene, 68 (70.1%) presented with infection, and 29 (29.9%) were without infection. Seven (7.2%) presented with a slight problem in mobility, 48 (49.5%) with the moderate problem in mobility, 28 (28.9%) with a severe problem in mobility and remaining 14 (14.4%) were unable to do any activity.
Conclusion: Patients with ongoing ulcers that undergo amputation had fair health related quality of life (HRQL). Rehabilitation services for patients and objectives for recreation exercise and physical function and social activities should be started early to enhance the quality of life.

Key words: Amputation, ulcer, diabetes, HRQL.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 925-927.


Web Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=131013 [Access: November 19, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 925-927.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . RMJ. (2022), [cited November 19, 2022]; 47(4): 925-927.



Harvard Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay (2022) Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . RMJ, 47 (4), 925-927.



Turabian Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. 2022. Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 925-927.



Chicago Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. "Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation ." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 925-927.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay. "Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation ." Rawal Medical Journal 47.4 (2022), 925-927. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zainab Naeem, Fareeha Amjad, Adnan Hashim, Hamail Chattha, Iraj Athar, Ibraheem Rafay (2022) Health-related quality of life in diabetic foot ulcer patients with unilateral above-knee amputation . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 925-927.








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