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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 792-795


Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq.

Abstract
Objective: To find the frequency of intentions and it’s affecting factors of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination and their association with demographic attributes in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Civil Hospital, Karachi and included participants whose age was ≥18 years. The people who were previously infected with COVID-19 or already vaccinated were excluded from the study. Purposive sampling was applied to enrol 400 participants and a self-developed questionnaire was administered to gather data. Data were analysed using SPSS 20.
Results: Out of 400 participants, 260 (65%) were willing and 140 (35%) were reluctant to have COVID-19 vaccination. Willing participants were affected by three factors such as vaccination is the 55(21.1%) the best way to avoid from serious illness, doctors’ suggestion 45(17.5.0%), and self and family protection 40(15.4%). Reluctant participants were also affected by three factors including 22 (15.8%) unforeseen side effects, 25(18.0%) belief in conspiracy theory for vaccination, and 26(18.5%) development of a vaccine is too quick. Age and education showed a significant association with the intentions of COVID-19 vaccination (p<0.5).
Conclusion: This study highlighted that 65% of participants were willing, and 35% were reluctant to have COVID-19 vaccination. Three factors were affected on willingness and three factors on reluctance of participants for COVID-19 vaccination. Age and gender were found significantly associated with the intentions of COVID-19 vaccination.

Key words: COVID-19 vaccination, intentions, willingness, reluctance.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 792-795.


Web Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=131011 [Access: November 19, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 792-795.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . RMJ. (2022), [cited November 19, 2022]; 47(4): 792-795.



Harvard Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq (2022) Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . RMJ, 47 (4), 792-795.



Turabian Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. 2022. Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 792-795.



Chicago Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. "Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination ." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 792-795.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq. "Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination ." Rawal Medical Journal 47.4 (2022), 792-795. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhmooda Abdul Razzaque, Rukhsana Muhammad haroon, Rubina Hafeez, Sabir Hussain, Abdul Razzaq (2022) Factors affecting intentions of readiness and reluctance for COVID-19 vaccination . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 792-795.








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