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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 844-847


Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease

Muhammad Usman Noor, Santosh Kumar, Abdul Manan Junejo, Sadia Rehman, Om Lal, Muhammad Tassaduq Khan, Berkha Rani.

Abstract
Objective: To determines the frequency of depression and anxiety in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was done at neurology department of JPMC, Karachi. Patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) were assessed for depression and anxiety by HADS (Hospital anxiety and depression) scale.
RESULTS: The study had 103 patients undergoing HD with mean age of 54.304.95 years and mean duration of dialysis of 3.221.42 years. Anxiety and depression was found to be 28% and 33%, respectively and had association with age and dialysis duration.
CONCLUSION: Anxiety and depression are common in HD patients. Timely screening, early management and social support are imperative for favorable outcome.

Key words: Depression, anxiety, hemodialysis, end stage renal disease.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Noor MU, Kumar S, Junejo AM, Rehman S, Lal O, Khan MT, Rani B. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 844-847.


Web Style

Noor MU, Kumar S, Junejo AM, Rehman S, Lal O, Khan MT, Rani B. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=13001 [Access: October 14, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Noor MU, Kumar S, Junejo AM, Rehman S, Lal O, Khan MT, Rani B. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 844-847.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Noor MU, Kumar S, Junejo AM, Rehman S, Lal O, Khan MT, Rani B. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. RMJ. (2021), [cited October 14, 2021]; 46(4): 844-847.



Harvard Style

Noor, M. U., Kumar, . S., Junejo, . A. M., Rehman, . S., Lal, . O., Khan, . M. T. & Rani, . B. (2021) Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. RMJ, 46 (4), 844-847.



Turabian Style

Noor, Muhammad Usman, Santosh Kumar, Abdul Manan Junejo, Sadia Rehman, Om Lal, Muhammad Tassaduq Khan, and Berkha Rani. 2021. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 844-847.



Chicago Style

Noor, Muhammad Usman, Santosh Kumar, Abdul Manan Junejo, Sadia Rehman, Om Lal, Muhammad Tassaduq Khan, and Berkha Rani. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 844-847.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Noor, Muhammad Usman, Santosh Kumar, Abdul Manan Junejo, Sadia Rehman, Om Lal, Muhammad Tassaduq Khan, and Berkha Rani. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease." Rawal Medical Journal 46.4 (2021), 844-847. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Noor, M. U., Kumar, . S., Junejo, . A. M., Rehman, . S., Lal, . O., Khan, . M. T. & Rani, . B. (2021) Prevalence of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients of end stage renal disease. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 844-847.








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