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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 841-844


Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan

Noreen Jaffri, Shazia Hasan, Rabia Yasmeen.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the level of cognitive functions (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy in comparison with normal controls.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study included sample of 121 individuals of age 18-25 years, (61 with epilepsy and 60 without history of epilepsy). Data of the individuals with epilepsy was collected from Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi, The level of attention, memory and executive functions were measured with Cognitive Symptoms Checklist (CSC) and analyzed using SPSS. Shapiro-Wilk Test and Mann-Whitney U were administered to measure the normal distribution of sample and hypotheses were examined by Mann Whitney test.
Results: Group of individuals with epilepsy problem regarding the attention and memory and executive brain functioning were statistically significantly higher than the controls (U=171, p<0.001), (U=135, p<0.001) and (U=49.5, p<0.001), respectively.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that having a neurological illness seriously leads to different cognitive problems.

Key words: Epilepsy, cognitive functions, memory, neurological problems.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jaffri N, Hasan S, Yasmeen R. Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 841-844.


Web Style

Jaffri N, Hasan S, Yasmeen R. Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=125934 [Access: November 12, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jaffri N, Hasan S, Yasmeen R. Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 841-844.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jaffri N, Hasan S, Yasmeen R. Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. (2022), [cited November 12, 2022]; 47(4): 841-844.



Harvard Style

Jaffri, N., Hasan, . S. & Yasmeen, . R. (2022) Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ, 47 (4), 841-844.



Turabian Style

Jaffri, Noreen, Shazia Hasan, and Rabia Yasmeen. 2022. Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 841-844.



Chicago Style

Jaffri, Noreen, Shazia Hasan, and Rabia Yasmeen. "Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 841-844.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jaffri, Noreen, Shazia Hasan, and Rabia Yasmeen. "Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 47.4 (2022), 841-844. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jaffri, N., Hasan, . S. & Yasmeen, . R. (2022) Cognitive disturbances (attention, memory and executive functioning) among individuals with epilepsy and normal controls in Karachi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (4), 841-844.








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