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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 668-671


Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan

Sadaf Haroon, Huma Bashir, Muhammad Zeeshan, Taimur Khalil Sheikh, Ammara Farooq.

Abstract
Objective: To determine socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in Islamabad rural area.
Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Dr. Sadaf’s Specialized Clinics & Children Hospital, Islamabad from January to June 2019. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire & anthropometric measurements. Non-probability sampling was used. The data was analyzed in SPSS version 23.
Results: Out of 126 children, 83 (66%) were female & 43 (34%) male. Illiteracy was present in 23.8% of mothers & 12.7% fathers. Families with more than 5 family members had a higher proportion (n=66, 65.9%) of malnourished children. Majority of families with monthly income below Rs. 50,000 were found to have underweight children (n=102, 81%). It was observed that 74 (58.7%) malnourished children belonged to joint families. Pallor was seen in 68.3% patients.
Conclusion: There is a strong association between low family income, female gender, maternal illiteracy, large family size and the prevalence of under nutrition in children less than 5 years of age.

Key words: Malnutrition, socioeconomic factors, underweight.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Haroon S, Bashir H, Zeeshan M, Sheikh TK, Farooq A. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 668-671.


Web Style

Haroon S, Bashir H, Zeeshan M, Sheikh TK, Farooq A. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=124936 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haroon S, Bashir H, Zeeshan M, Sheikh TK, Farooq A. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 668-671.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haroon S, Bashir H, Zeeshan M, Sheikh TK, Farooq A. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 668-671.



Harvard Style

Haroon, S., Bashir, . H., Zeeshan, . M., Sheikh, . T. K. & Farooq, . A. (2021) Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ, 46 (3), 668-671.



Turabian Style

Haroon, Sadaf, Huma Bashir, Muhammad Zeeshan, Taimur Khalil Sheikh, and Ammara Farooq. 2021. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 668-671.



Chicago Style

Haroon, Sadaf, Huma Bashir, Muhammad Zeeshan, Taimur Khalil Sheikh, and Ammara Farooq. "Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 668-671.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haroon, Sadaf, Huma Bashir, Muhammad Zeeshan, Taimur Khalil Sheikh, and Ammara Farooq. "Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 668-671. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haroon, S., Bashir, . H., Zeeshan, . M., Sheikh, . T. K. & Farooq, . A. (2021) Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 668-671.








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