Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 286-289


Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia

Dheeraj Kumar, Shahid Karim, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Vishal Kumar Chandkai, Punhal Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the relationship of adequate water intake with dyspepsia according to SF-LEEDS questionnaire, at tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This study included 436 participants with dyspepsia. Dyspepsia diagnosed by SF-LEEDS questionnaire with 32 max score was categorizing into, mild, moderate and severe according to the score 0-7, 8-14, >14, respectively. Water intake habits were asked along with other risk factors.
Results: Out of 436 patients, 59.6% were male and 40.4% female. Mean age was 41 years. Mean SF-LEEDS score was 18. The mean daily water intake was 1.5 L. Most common sign was dry tongue in 40.1% patients. Only 6.2% participants had adequate water intake daily. Fisher’s exact test between adequate water intake and severity of dyspepsia, showed patients having severe dyspepsia were not taking adequate water (p=0.015).
Conclusion: Adequate water intake can improve dyspepsia.

Key words: Dyspepsia, water intake, hydration.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Dheeraj Kumar
Articles by Shahid Karim
Articles by Hamid Ali Kalwar
Articles by Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa
Articles by Vishal Kumar Chandkai
Articles by Punhal Khan
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kumar D, Karim S, Kalwar HA, Wadhwa RK, Chandkai VK, Khan P. Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 286-289.


Web Style

Kumar D, Karim S, Kalwar HA, Wadhwa RK, Chandkai VK, Khan P. Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=117922 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kumar D, Karim S, Kalwar HA, Wadhwa RK, Chandkai VK, Khan P. Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 286-289.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kumar D, Karim S, Kalwar HA, Wadhwa RK, Chandkai VK, Khan P. Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 286-289.



Harvard Style

Kumar, D., Karim, . S., Kalwar, . H. A., Wadhwa, . R. K., Chandkai, . V. K. & Khan, . P. (2022) Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. RMJ, 47 (2), 286-289.



Turabian Style

Kumar, Dheeraj, Shahid Karim, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Vishal Kumar Chandkai, and Punhal Khan. 2022. Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 286-289.



Chicago Style

Kumar, Dheeraj, Shahid Karim, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Vishal Kumar Chandkai, and Punhal Khan. "Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 286-289.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kumar, Dheeraj, Shahid Karim, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Vishal Kumar Chandkai, and Punhal Khan. "Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 286-289. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kumar, D., Karim, . S., Kalwar, . H. A., Wadhwa, . R. K., Chandkai, . V. K. & Khan, . P. (2022) Association of daily water intake with dyspepsia. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 286-289.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus, Web of Science and Tehqeeqat

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.