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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 572-575


Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires

Qaisar Khan, Junaid Zeb, Imran Khan, Muhammad Ayaz Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the frequency of pin site infections (PSI) between Schanz screws versus K-wires in Ilizarov fixator.
Methodology: This randomized control trial was conducted at Department of Orthopedics, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar and included 150 patients randomized into two groups (75 in each group) by block method. Fractures in group A patients were stabilized by using K-wires while in group B it was stabilized with Schanz screws. Patients were reviewed after 6 weeks and assessed for pin site infection. Data were collected using designed proforma and analyzed using SPSS version 22.
Results: Mean age in group A was 352.77 years and mean age in group B was 383.12 years. In Group A, 71% patients were male and 29% female. In Group B, 72% patients were male and 28% female. In Group A, 5% patients had pin site infection while in Group B, 17% patients had PSI (p=0.02). Stratification against time of PSI development showed a weak relationship (p=0.04), being more common in patients of group A in patients who presented till 5th day, although there was no significant difference in PSI rates among both groups after 5 days (p=0.2).
Conclusion: Frequency of pin site infection is less in Ilizarov fixator using K-wires as compared to Ilizarov fixator using Schanz pins.

Key words: Pin site infection, complications, external fixation, Ilizarov fixator, K wire.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan Q, Zeb J, Khan I, Khan MA. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 572-575.


Web Style

Khan Q, Zeb J, Khan I, Khan MA. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=110522 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan Q, Zeb J, Khan I, Khan MA. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 572-575.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan Q, Zeb J, Khan I, Khan MA. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 572-575.



Harvard Style

Khan, Q., Zeb, . J., Khan, . I. & Khan, . M. A. (2021) Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. RMJ, 46 (3), 572-575.



Turabian Style

Khan, Qaisar, Junaid Zeb, Imran Khan, and Muhammad Ayaz Khan. 2021. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 572-575.



Chicago Style

Khan, Qaisar, Junaid Zeb, Imran Khan, and Muhammad Ayaz Khan. "Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 572-575.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Qaisar, Junaid Zeb, Imran Khan, and Muhammad Ayaz Khan. "Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 572-575. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, Q., Zeb, . J., Khan, . I. & Khan, . M. A. (2021) Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 572-575.








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