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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 587-588


Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of leg pain, lower limb contracture, and limitation of movement in children having club-foot.
Methodology: In this observational study, 97 children having club foot aged between 9 months-10 years were included. Goniometer and Wong baker pain scale were used. Data were analyzed on SPSS 21.
Results: Out of 97 children, 46 had both feet involved. 39.2% had leg pains and 60.82% had no leg pain. The ankle had contracture and limitation of movement in 82.47% of children and knee was involved in only 2.1%; 17.5% did not have knee involvement.
Conclusion: Leg pain among children having club foot is not highly prevalent. Ankle contracture and limitation of the movement were prevalent, but the knee was not commonly affected.

Key words: Clubfoot, leg pain, foot deformities.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 587-588.


Web Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=107924 [Access: August 08, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 587-588.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . RMJ. (2021), [cited August 08, 2021]; 46(3): 587-588.



Harvard Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam (2021) Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . RMJ, 46 (3), 587-588.



Turabian Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. 2021. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 587-588.



Chicago Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. "Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot ." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 587-588.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam. "Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot ." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 587-588. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam (2021) Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot . Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 587-588.








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