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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 442-445


Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students

Mahwish Majid Bhatti, Safina Ahmed, Maryam Habib, Hania Fahim, Ghazala Mudassir, Rifat Nadeem Ahmad.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the perception of students about vertical integration of subject of pathology in first two years of MBBS program at Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad.
Methodology: A mixed method study was conducted at Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, from October and November 2019. Students of first, second and third year MBBS were requested to respond to structured questionnaires based on a 3- point Likert scale regarding vertical integration of pathology in the curriculum. Focus group discussions were conducted with 32 students from the three classes to ascertain their perceptions regarding the integration.
Results: A total of 260 students from first three years of MBBS responded to the questionnaire. We found that 156(60%) students felt that vertical integration of pathology helped them in achieving the course objectives, while 180 (69.5%) said it gave conceptual understanding of the core subjects. Majority of them (64.6%) found it to be a more interesting way of learning. However, 105 (40.4%) felt it adds burden to their course work. Nearly half (43.6%) were not in favor of assessing pathology in the first two years, while 57.3% wanted the vertical integration to continue.
Conclusion: Students had a positive attitude towards vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS, which they felt helped them in building concepts.

Key words: Integrated teaching, vertical integration, pathology.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhatti MM, Ahmed S, Habib M, Fahim H, Mudassir G, Ahmad RN. Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 442-445.


Web Style

Bhatti MM, Ahmed S, Habib M, Fahim H, Mudassir G, Ahmad RN. Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=105699 [Access: May 20, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhatti MM, Ahmed S, Habib M, Fahim H, Mudassir G, Ahmad RN. Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 442-445.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhatti MM, Ahmed S, Habib M, Fahim H, Mudassir G, Ahmad RN. Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. RMJ. (2022), [cited May 20, 2022]; 47(2): 442-445.



Harvard Style

Bhatti, M. M., Ahmed, . S., Habib, . M., Fahim, . H., Mudassir, . G. & Ahmad, . R. N. (2022) Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. RMJ, 47 (2), 442-445.



Turabian Style

Bhatti, Mahwish Majid, Safina Ahmed, Maryam Habib, Hania Fahim, Ghazala Mudassir, and Rifat Nadeem Ahmad. 2022. Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 442-445.



Chicago Style

Bhatti, Mahwish Majid, Safina Ahmed, Maryam Habib, Hania Fahim, Ghazala Mudassir, and Rifat Nadeem Ahmad. "Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 442-445.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhatti, Mahwish Majid, Safina Ahmed, Maryam Habib, Hania Fahim, Ghazala Mudassir, and Rifat Nadeem Ahmad. "Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 442-445. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhatti, M. M., Ahmed, . S., Habib, . M., Fahim, . H., Mudassir, . G. & Ahmad, . R. N. (2022) Vertical integration of pathology in first two years of MBBS program: learning and perceptions of students. Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 442-445.








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