Error in record details...

Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 538-541


Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children

Nafisa Nihal, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Jabbar, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Maira Mahmood, Hafiza Hina Pasha.

Abstract
Objective: To find the correlation of Interleukins (IL) with impaired fasting glucose and insulin resistance in female beta thalassemic children.
Methodology: Thirty-five female children of Beta thalassemia major with impair fasting blood glucose were taken as group A and 35 beta thalassemic children with normal blood glucose were taken as control (group B). Age range was 10-12 years. Level of fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, ferritin, IL 1, 2, 4, & 13 were estimated.
Results: Mean level of serum IL-1 was increased along with decreased values of IL 2, IL 4 & IL 13 in group A in comparison with group B. Mean levels of fasting serum insulin in group A was significantly increased in comparison with group B. Values of insulin resistance in group A and group B were 2.9 and 0.7, respectively.
Conclusion: An indirect link of impaired fasting glucose and insulin resistance with interleukins may increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in children with thalassemia major on long-term blood transfusion. However, further study is needed on large number of both genders to reach a better conclusion.

Key words: Interleukins, beta thalassemia major, pre-diabetic, non-diabetic.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nafisa Nihal
Articles by Rukhshan Khurshid
Articles by Uzma Jabbar
Articles by Naim Ahmad Nizami
Articles by Maira Mahmood
Articles by Hafiza Hina Pasha
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nihal N, Khurshid R, Jabbar U, Nizami NA, Mahmood M, Pasha HH. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 538-541.


Web Style

Nihal N, Khurshid R, Jabbar U, Nizami NA, Mahmood M, Pasha HH. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=118754 [Access: August 06, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nihal N, Khurshid R, Jabbar U, Nizami NA, Mahmood M, Pasha HH. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 538-541.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nihal N, Khurshid R, Jabbar U, Nizami NA, Mahmood M, Pasha HH. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. RMJ. (2021), [cited August 06, 2021]; 46(3): 538-541.



Harvard Style

Nihal, N., Khurshid, . R., Jabbar, . U., Nizami, . N. A., Mahmood, . M. & Pasha, . H. H. (2021) Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. RMJ, 46 (3), 538-541.



Turabian Style

Nihal, Nafisa, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Jabbar, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Maira Mahmood, and Hafiza Hina Pasha. 2021. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 538-541.



Chicago Style

Nihal, Nafisa, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Jabbar, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Maira Mahmood, and Hafiza Hina Pasha. "Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 538-541.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nihal, Nafisa, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Jabbar, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Maira Mahmood, and Hafiza Hina Pasha. "Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children." Rawal Medical Journal 46.3 (2021), 538-541. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nihal, N., Khurshid, . R., Jabbar, . U., Nizami, . N. A., Mahmood, . M. & Pasha, . H. H. (2021) Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (3), 538-541.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus and Web of Science

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.