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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 287-290


Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan

Fawad Shabbir Memon, Shaista Bano, Sarfraz Ali Tunio.

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the trends in emerging antibiotic resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from patients of wound infections from Sukkur district, Sindh.
Methodology: In this cross sectional, descriptive study, bacterial isolates were identified using microscopic and standard biochemical methods. In vitro, antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique.
Results: A total of 48 bacterial isolates including Staphylococcus aureus (n=23) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=10), β-hemolytic streptococci (n=9), Escherichia coli (n=6), were recovered from different wound specimens. The Staphylococcus aureus had acquired resistance to penicillin (95.7%), methicillin (52.2%), while vancomycin remained the most effective antibiotic with 100% sensitivity rate followed by clindamycin (73.9%). Importantly, 83.33% Escherichia coli isolates were resistant to ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, and 66.66% were resistant to aztreonam and cefipime while showing sensitivity to amikacin, imipenem and meropenem. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, high rate of resistance against gentamicin while sensitivity (90.0%) to polymyxin B was observed. Resistance to antibiotics in β-hemolytic streptococci was not profound.
Conclusions: The pathogens have acquired resistance to the frontline antibiotics emphasizing the need for antibiotic stewardship in Pakistan.

Key words: Wound infections, Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiotics, Bacterial infections, Drug resistance.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Memon FS, Bano S, Tunio SA. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 287-290.


Web Style

Memon FS, Bano S, Tunio SA. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=81518 [Access: May 10, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Memon FS, Bano S, Tunio SA. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 287-290.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Memon FS, Bano S, Tunio SA. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 10, 2020]; 45(2): 287-290.



Harvard Style

Memon, F. S., Bano, . S. & Tunio, . S. A. (2020) Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (2), 287-290.



Turabian Style

Memon, Fawad Shabbir, Shaista Bano, and Sarfraz Ali Tunio. 2020. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 287-290.



Chicago Style

Memon, Fawad Shabbir, Shaista Bano, and Sarfraz Ali Tunio. "Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 287-290.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Memon, Fawad Shabbir, Shaista Bano, and Sarfraz Ali Tunio. "Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 287-290. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Memon, F. S., Bano, . S. & Tunio, . S. A. (2020) Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 287-290.








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