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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 645-647


Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan

Muhammad Umar Sadiq, Muhammad Sharif Waqas, Mehwish Niaz, Ayesha Rehman.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders, activities prevention and difficulty in performance of activities due to musculoskeletal disorders in architectures.
Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among architects of Lahore, Pakistan. Convenient sampling technique was used and the sample size was 138. Duration of study was six months from January to June 2017. Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data. 138 copies of questionnaire were distributed and response rate was 100%. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 20.
Results: Neck pain was seen in 65.9% respondents, 49.3% had wrist and hand pain, 37.7% had pain in the upper back and 27% had pain in shoulder and 20.3% had pain in elbow in the last 12 months. Out of 138 respondents, 39.1% due to neck pains, 32.6% wrist/hand pain, 31.9% upper back pain, 18.1% shoulder pain, 14.4% elbow pain, had seen the physician in the past year. In the past week, 42.8% had neck pain, 39.9% had wrist/hand pain, 33.3% had upper back pain, 22.5% elbow pain and 19.6% had shoulder pain.
Conclusion: Neck and wrist/hand pain were frequent in architects, which affected their functional efficiencies. These prevented their normal activities at work, school and home due to these upper limb musculoskeletal disorders.

Key words: Architects, musculoskeletal complaints, neck pain, wrist pain.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sadiq MU, Waqas MS, Niaz M, Rehman A. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 645-647.


Web Style

Sadiq MU, Waqas MS, Niaz M, Rehman A. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=65918 [Access: September 01, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sadiq MU, Waqas MS, Niaz M, Rehman A. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 645-647.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sadiq MU, Waqas MS, Niaz M, Rehman A. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited September 01, 2020]; 45(3): 645-647.



Harvard Style

Sadiq, M. U., Waqas, . M. S., Niaz, . M. & Rehman, . A. (2020) Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (3), 645-647.



Turabian Style

Sadiq, Muhammad Umar, Muhammad Sharif Waqas, Mehwish Niaz, and Ayesha Rehman. 2020. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 645-647.



Chicago Style

Sadiq, Muhammad Umar, Muhammad Sharif Waqas, Mehwish Niaz, and Ayesha Rehman. "Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 645-647.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sadiq, Muhammad Umar, Muhammad Sharif Waqas, Mehwish Niaz, and Ayesha Rehman. "Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.3 (2020), 645-647. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sadiq, M. U., Waqas, . M. S., Niaz, . M. & Rehman, . A. (2020) Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders and effected activities of architects of Lahore, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 645-647.








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