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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 641-644


Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures

Mahnoor Rao, Arooj Fatima, Ashfaq Ahmed, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the frequency of pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 151 patients presented with fractures of upper extremity were recruited by using non probability purposive sampling from different hospitals of Lahore, in 4 months. The patients were asked to sign a consent form, followed by previously tested Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Quick- Disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (Quick-DASH) questionnaire to measure pain and upper extremity disability respectively.
Results: Out of 151 patients 11(7.3%) had severe pain, 30(19.9%) moderate pain, 34(22.5%) mild pain, 23(15.2%) minimal pain and 53(35.1%) did not had pain after upper extremity fracture. 16(10.6%) had severe to very severe disability, 19(12.6%) moderate disability 32(21.2%) mild disability, 46(30.5%) minimal disability and 22(14.6%) had no disability after upper extremity fracture.
Conclusion: Pain and disability is common among people having upper extremity fractures. The study showed that it was more prevalent among male adults. These fractures were mainly radius fracture. Pain and disability was higher in acute and displaced fractures.

Key words: Pain, disability, upper extremity and fracture.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rao M, Fatima A, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 641-644.


Web Style

Rao M, Fatima A, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=56308 [Access: September 01, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rao M, Fatima A, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 641-644.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rao M, Fatima A, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. RMJ. (2020), [cited September 01, 2020]; 45(3): 641-644.



Harvard Style

Rao, M., Fatima, . A., Ahmed, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. RMJ, 45 (3), 641-644.



Turabian Style

Rao, Mahnoor, Arooj Fatima, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2020. Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 641-644.



Chicago Style

Rao, Mahnoor, Arooj Fatima, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 641-644.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rao, Mahnoor, Arooj Fatima, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures." Rawal Medical Journal 45.3 (2020), 641-644. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rao, M., Fatima, . A., Ahmed, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Pain intensity and level of disability in patients with upper extremity fractures. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 641-644.








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