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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 338-341


Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain

Syeda Rukhe Zehra, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the association of fear avoidance belief as a mental element with pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 171 pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain for 4 months. The samples were collected from the University of Lahore Teaching Hospital, Jinnah Hospital, Al-Khidmat Teaching Mansoorah Hospital, Bahria International Hospital and private clinics. Informed consent was signed by each patient. Data collection tools included a demographic questionnaire, Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25. p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Out of 171 women, 27(15.8%) had mild, 138(80.7%) had moderate and 6(3.5%) had severe pelvic girdle pain. In physical activity, 40(23.4%) had very low fear, 30(17.5%) had low fear, 94(55%) had moderate fear, 6(3.5%) had high fear and 1(0.6%) had very high fear. In work, 22(12.9%) had very low fear, 87(50.9%) had low fear, 55(32.2%) had moderate fear, 6(3.5%) had high fear and 1(0.6%) had very high fear (p= 0.000 for both).
Conclusion Fear avoidance beliefs, with pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy could be anticipated. Fear avoidance belief varied with pain severity.

Key words: Pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain, fear avoidance belief.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zehra SR, Sharif F, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 338-341.


Web Style

Zehra SR, Sharif F, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=55897 [Access: May 09, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zehra SR, Sharif F, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 338-341.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zehra SR, Sharif F, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 09, 2020]; 45(2): 338-341.



Harvard Style

Zehra, S. R., Sharif, . F., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. RMJ, 45 (2), 338-341.



Turabian Style

Zehra, Syeda Rukhe, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2020. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 338-341.



Chicago Style

Zehra, Syeda Rukhe, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 338-341.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zehra, Syeda Rukhe, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 338-341. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zehra, S. R., Sharif, . F., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 338-341.








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