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Original Research 


Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients

Romasa Sarwar, Muhammad Faizan, Umair Ahmed, Muhammad Waqas.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the unstable surface trunk exercises as against the similar trunk exercises on stable surface, on trunk motor performance, functional balance and functional mobility in stroke patients.
Methodology: In this randomized controlled trial, 30 patients were recruited consecutively from Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. Trunk impairment scale, Time-up-and-go test, and BBS were used to assess trunk performance, balance and fall risk respectively.
Results: Both groups were balanced in term of gender, socioeconomic status, occupation, type of stroke, status of diabetes and hypertension at the baseline. Between groups change score for the BBS scale was 8.93 (6.32-11.54) and favored experimental group (P<0.002). Comparison of the total trunk impairment scale score between the groups demonstrated a change of 3.20 (1.48-4.91) (P<0.001). However, no significant difference found between the both groups in term of fall risk. Conclusion: The exercises performed on unstable surface were significantly more effective in term of trunk impairment and balance, as measured by Trunk Impairment Scale & Berg Balance Scale, respectively. However, there was no significant difference found in the fall risk.

Key words: Stroke, Functional Laterality, Physical Functional Performance, Motor Skills, Postural Balance, Rehabilitation outcome.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sarwar R, Faizan M, Ahmed U, Waqas M. Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 20-23.


Web Style

Sarwar R, Faizan M, Ahmed U, Waqas M. Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=3694 [Access: May 24, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sarwar R, Faizan M, Ahmed U, Waqas M. Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 20-23.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sarwar R, Faizan M, Ahmed U, Waqas M. Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. RMJ. (2019), [cited May 24, 2019]; 44(1): 20-23.



Harvard Style

Sarwar, R., Faizan, . M., Ahmed, . U. & Waqas, . M. (2019) Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. RMJ, 44 (1), 20-23.



Turabian Style

Sarwar, Romasa, Muhammad Faizan, Umair Ahmed, and Muhammad Waqas. 2019. Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 20-23.



Chicago Style

Sarwar, Romasa, Muhammad Faizan, Umair Ahmed, and Muhammad Waqas. "Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 20-23.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sarwar, Romasa, Muhammad Faizan, Umair Ahmed, and Muhammad Waqas. "Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients." Rawal Medical Journal 44.1 (2019), 20-23. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sarwar, R., Faizan, . M., Ahmed, . U. & Waqas, . M. (2019) Effects of unstable and stable trunk exercise programs on trunk motor performance, balance and functional mobility in stroke patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 20-23.








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