Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 439-442


The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living

Muhammad Kashif, Maria Kokab, Ayesha Tahreem, Amna Quraishi, Jaweriya Afzal Madni, Sahar Ashraf.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of pregnancy-related low back pain (LBP) in the third trimester and to assess its harmful impact on everyday life such as standing, walking, sitting, lifting, travelling, and sleeping.
Methodology: We included 103 pregnant women in 3rd trimester using a purposive sampling technique at Independent Teaching Hospital from June 2018 to February 2019. Visual analogue scale (VAS) to measure pain intensity and Oswestry disability Index (ODI) questionnaire were used to assess functional limitations. Date were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The prevalence of LBP was 83.5%. Out of 103, 22.1% women had severe pain that comes and goes. Activity of daily livings (ADLs) including personal care, lifting, walking, sitting, standing, sleeping, social life, and travelling were positively correlated with disability level of the participants (P<0.05).
Conclusion: There was high prevalence of LBP in pregnant women. As pregnancy progresses in the last trimester, the intensity of pain and the degree of disability increase, which affects the quality of life and ADL.

Key words: Activities of Daily Living; Low Back Pain; Oswestry Disability Questionnaire; Pregnancy; Prevalence; Visual analogue scale.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Muhammad Kashif
Articles by Maria Kokab
Articles by Ayesha Tahreem
Articles by Amna Quraishi
Articles by Jaweriya Afzal Madni
Articles by Sahar Ashraf
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kashif M, Kokab M, Tahreem A, Quraishi A, Madni JA, Ashraf S. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 439-442.


Web Style

Kashif M, Kokab M, Tahreem A, Quraishi A, Madni JA, Ashraf S. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=34571 [Access: May 09, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kashif M, Kokab M, Tahreem A, Quraishi A, Madni JA, Ashraf S. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 439-442.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kashif M, Kokab M, Tahreem A, Quraishi A, Madni JA, Ashraf S. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 09, 2020]; 45(2): 439-442.



Harvard Style

Kashif, M., Kokab, . M., Tahreem, . A., Quraishi, . A., Madni, . J. A. & Ashraf, . S. (2020) The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. RMJ, 45 (2), 439-442.



Turabian Style

Kashif, Muhammad, Maria Kokab, Ayesha Tahreem, Amna Quraishi, Jaweriya Afzal Madni, and Sahar Ashraf. 2020. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 439-442.



Chicago Style

Kashif, Muhammad, Maria Kokab, Ayesha Tahreem, Amna Quraishi, Jaweriya Afzal Madni, and Sahar Ashraf. "The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 439-442.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kashif, Muhammad, Maria Kokab, Ayesha Tahreem, Amna Quraishi, Jaweriya Afzal Madni, and Sahar Ashraf. "The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 439-442. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kashif, M., Kokab, . M., Tahreem, . A., Quraishi, . A., Madni, . J. A. & Ashraf, . S. (2020) The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 439-442.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus, Web of Science

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.