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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 691-693


Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths

Muhammad Zain ul Abideen, Waqar Afzal, Fahad Tanveer, Qasim Rafique, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ayesha Malik.

Abstract
Objective: To find the prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths in view of most of the work is done with their legs crossed or with a faulty posture that can cause pain in the neck.
Methodology: It was a cross sectional study in which convenient sampling was used. Data were collected from 200 goldsmiths from different markets in Lahore, Pakistan using a questionnaire. Patients with spinal fracture, trauma, surgery, neurological issues and spinal deformity were excluded.
Results: The mean age of goldsmiths was 42 years (range 21-63). Out of 200 goldsmiths, 124 (62%) had pain in their neck and 76 (38%) had no pain.
Conclusion: Significant percentage of goldsmiths had pain in neck. One may be concerned with the inappropriate sitting posture and work pattern of goldsmit

Key words: Neck pain, goldsmiths, musculoskeletal pain


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abideen MZu, Afzal W, Tanveer F, Rafique Q, Ahmad A, Malik A. Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 691-693.


Web Style

Abideen MZu, Afzal W, Tanveer F, Rafique Q, Ahmad A, Malik A. Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=283515 [Access: August 25, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abideen MZu, Afzal W, Tanveer F, Rafique Q, Ahmad A, Malik A. Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 691-693.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abideen MZu, Afzal W, Tanveer F, Rafique Q, Ahmad A, Malik A. Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. RMJ. (2018), [cited August 25, 2019]; 43(4): 691-693.



Harvard Style

Abideen, M. Z. u., Afzal, . W., Tanveer, . F., Rafique, . Q., Ahmad, . A. & Malik, . A. (2018) Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. RMJ, 43 (4), 691-693.



Turabian Style

Abideen, Muhammad Zain ul, Waqar Afzal, Fahad Tanveer, Qasim Rafique, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Ayesha Malik. 2018. Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 691-693.



Chicago Style

Abideen, Muhammad Zain ul, Waqar Afzal, Fahad Tanveer, Qasim Rafique, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Ayesha Malik. "Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 691-693.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abideen, Muhammad Zain ul, Waqar Afzal, Fahad Tanveer, Qasim Rafique, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Ayesha Malik. "Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 691-693. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abideen, M. Z. u., Afzal, . W., Tanveer, . F., Rafique, . Q., Ahmad, . A. & Malik, . A. (2018) Prevalence of neck pain in goldsmiths. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 691-693.








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