Service by

Home Journal Issues Instructions for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690


Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers

Ammara Afzal, Qasim Idrees.

Abstract
Objective: To check the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers.
Methodology: In this cross sectional study, a questionnaire was used to collect data on 184 teachers. Numeric Pain Rating Scale was used to evaluate the intensity of pain. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0.
Results: A total of 184 teachers from schools, colleges and universities of Lahore and Okara, Pakistan were included in the study. Out of 184, 60 (32.6%) had low back pain, 15 (8.2%) pelvic pain, 26 (14.1%) knee pain and 22 (12.0%) ankle/foot pain. 63 (34.2%) teachers had no pain, 49 (26.6%) mild pain, 65 (35.3%) moderate pain and 7 (3.8%) severe pain.
Conclusion: Teachers experience musculoskeletal disorders due to their work routine. Long job duration, standing for prolong period and work in an uncomfortable position can result in musculoskeletal disorders.

Key words: Lower quadrant, musculoskeletal disorders, prevalence, teachers.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ammara Afzal
Articles by Qasim Idrees
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 24
Downloaded: 21
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690.


Web Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=288548 [Access: December 14, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. (2018), [cited December 14, 2018]; 43(4): 688-690.



Harvard Style

Afzal, A. & Idrees, . Q. (2018) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ, 43 (4), 688-690.



Turabian Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. 2018. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 688-690.



Chicago Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 688-690.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 688-690. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afzal, A. & Idrees, . Q. (2018) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 688-690.




Instructions for Authors

AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

WHO Index Medicus IMEMR,
Emromedex,
Pakmedinet,
ExtraMED and
Scopus

Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council



The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.