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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690


Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers

Ammara Afzal, Qasim Idrees.

Abstract
Objective: To check the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers.
Methodology: In this cross sectional study, a questionnaire was used to collect data on 184 teachers. Numeric Pain Rating Scale was used to evaluate the intensity of pain. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0.
Results: A total of 184 teachers from schools, colleges and universities of Lahore and Okara, Pakistan were included in the study. Out of 184, 60 (32.6%) had low back pain, 15 (8.2%) pelvic pain, 26 (14.1%) knee pain and 22 (12.0%) ankle/foot pain. 63 (34.2%) teachers had no pain, 49 (26.6%) mild pain, 65 (35.3%) moderate pain and 7 (3.8%) severe pain.
Conclusion: Teachers experience musculoskeletal disorders due to their work routine. Long job duration, standing for prolong period and work in an uncomfortable position can result in musculoskeletal disorders.

Key words: Lower quadrant, musculoskeletal disorders, prevalence, teachers.


 
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Pubmed Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690.


Web Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=288548 [Access: August 25, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 688-690.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afzal A, Idrees Q. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ. (2018), [cited August 25, 2019]; 43(4): 688-690.



Harvard Style

Afzal, A. & Idrees, . Q. (2018) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. RMJ, 43 (4), 688-690.



Turabian Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. 2018. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 688-690.



Chicago Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 688-690.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afzal, Ammara, and Qasim Idrees. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 688-690. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afzal, A. & Idrees, . Q. (2018) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of lower quadrant among teachers. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 688-690.








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