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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 372-378


Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors

Salina Husain, Sazafi Mohd Saad, Asma Abdullah, Goh Bee See, Lokman Saim, Mazita Ami.

Abstract
Objective: To estimate the frequency of otitis media (OM) and its predisposing factors in urban communities.
Methodology: It was an epidemiological, prospective, descriptive study was carried out at UKM Medical Centre and general practitioner clinics in Kuala Lumpur and included 117 patients aged 0-12 years. Demographic data, presenting symptoms, clinical features, associated risk factors and bacteria isolated from ear discharges were gathered.
Results: We found that the overall frequency of OM was 453.3 per 100,000 population members. The most common presenting symptoms were ear pain (29%), followed by fever (20%), ear discharge (19%) and ear blockage (8%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa (36%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (8%) and Streptococcus pyogenes (8%) were the most prevalent organisms. The predominant risk factors were lack of extended breastfeeding (63%), followed by an attendance at a group daycare center (53%) and allergic rhinitis (34%).
Conclusion: The frequency of OM is lower than that reported in previous studies in developing countries. Gram-positive bacteria were the most commonly isolated organisms. Lack of breastfeeding, attendance at a group daycare center and allergic rhinitis were the risk factors for OM found in this study.

Key words: Acute otitis media, frequency, otitis media, predisposing factors


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Husain S, Saad SM, Abdullah A, See GB, Saim L, Ami M. Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 372-378.


Web Style

Husain S, Saad SM, Abdullah A, See GB, Saim L, Ami M. Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=234064 [Access: December 17, 2017].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Husain S, Saad SM, Abdullah A, See GB, Saim L, Ami M. Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 372-378.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Husain S, Saad SM, Abdullah A, See GB, Saim L, Ami M. Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. RMJ. (2017), [cited December 17, 2017]; 42(3): 372-378.



Harvard Style

Husain, S., Saad, S. M., Abdullah, A., See, G. B., Saim, L. & Ami, M. (2017) Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. RMJ, 42 (3), 372-378.



Turabian Style

Husain, Salina, Sazafi Mohd Saad, Asma Abdullah, Goh Bee See, Lokman Saim, and Mazita Ami. 2017. Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 372-378.



Chicago Style

Husain, Salina, Sazafi Mohd Saad, Asma Abdullah, Goh Bee See, Lokman Saim, and Mazita Ami. "Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 372-378.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Husain, Salina, Sazafi Mohd Saad, Asma Abdullah, Goh Bee See, Lokman Saim, and Mazita Ami. "Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors." Rawal Medical Journal 42.3 (2017), 372-378. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Husain, S., Saad, S. M., Abdullah, A., See, G. B., Saim, L. & Ami, M. (2017) Frequency of otitis media and its predisposing factors. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 372-378.




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