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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 248-250


Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan

Sahar Iqbal, Fouzia Zeeshan Khan, Shaheen Sharafat.

Abstract
Objective: To estimate the frequency of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) among the patients presented to a public sector facility.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted at Department of Pathology, Dow International Medical College, Karachi. Vitamin D (25[OH] D) level was checked from July 2012 to June 2016.
Results: A total Out of 7838 samples, 5890 (75.1%) belonged to males and 1948 (24.9%) to females. Among total subjects, 58.2%, 13.8% and 28.0% were found deficient, insufficient and sufficient, respectively. The highest frequency of VDD was found among 34 to 39 (23.0%) years of age group.
Conclusion: VDD was observed in all age groups. Focused health care education and public awareness programs are needed to improve the situation. Encouraging the healthy lifestyle, optimum sun exposure and prompt diagnosis of VDD would be beneficial to alleviate the magnitude of prevalence of VDD in Pakistan.

Key words: Vitamin D deficiency, status of vitamin D, 25[OH] D, Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Iqbal S, Khan FZ, Sharafat S. Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 248-250.


Web Style

Iqbal S, Khan FZ, Sharafat S. Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=1060 [Access: June 18, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Iqbal S, Khan FZ, Sharafat S. Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 248-250.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Iqbal S, Khan FZ, Sharafat S. Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ. (2019), [cited June 18, 2019]; 44(2): 248-250.



Harvard Style

Iqbal, S., Khan, . F. Z. & Sharafat, . S. (2019) Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. RMJ, 44 (2), 248-250.



Turabian Style

Iqbal, Sahar, Fouzia Zeeshan Khan, and Shaheen Sharafat. 2019. Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 248-250.



Chicago Style

Iqbal, Sahar, Fouzia Zeeshan Khan, and Shaheen Sharafat. "Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 248-250.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Iqbal, Sahar, Fouzia Zeeshan Khan, and Shaheen Sharafat. "Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44.2 (2019), 248-250. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Iqbal, S., Khan, . F. Z. & Sharafat, . S. (2019) Estimation of vitamin D deficiency among patients of a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 248-250.








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